How job demands affect an intimate partner: A test of the spillover-crossover model in Japan

Akihito Shimazu, Arnold B. Bakker, Evangelia Demerouti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The present study examined how job demands affect an intimate partner's well-being. We hypothesized that job demands have a negative influence on partner well-being through the experience of work-family conflict (WFC) and an impaired quality of the relationship (reduced social support and increased social undermining towards the partner). Methods: The participants of this study were 99 couples of dual-earner parents in Japan. Results: Consistent with hypotheses, men's job demands (i.e. overload and emotional demands) were positively related to their own reports of WFC, and indirectly to women's ratings of men's WFC. Consequently, women's ratings of men's WFC were negatively related to the quality of the relationship (i.e. decreased social support from and increased social undermining by men), which, in turn, led to women's ill-health (i.e. depressive symptoms and physical complaints). We found similar findings for the model starting with women's job demands; gender did not affect the strength of the relationships in the model. Conclusions: These findings suggest that high job demands initiate a process of work-family conflict and poor relationship quality, which may eventually affect the intimate partner's well-being in an unfavorable way.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-248
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of occupational health
Volume51
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 May 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Japan
Social Support
Women's Health
Parents
Conflict (Psychology)
Depression

Keywords

  • Crossover
  • Depression
  • Job demands
  • Spillover-crossover model
  • Well-being
  • Work-family conflict

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

How job demands affect an intimate partner : A test of the spillover-crossover model in Japan. / Shimazu, Akihito; Bakker, Arnold B.; Demerouti, Evangelia.

In: Journal of occupational health, Vol. 51, No. 3, 01.05.2009, p. 239-248.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a5e271bdb1744facb3ffaae307d99c73,
title = "How job demands affect an intimate partner: A test of the spillover-crossover model in Japan",
abstract = "Objectives: The present study examined how job demands affect an intimate partner's well-being. We hypothesized that job demands have a negative influence on partner well-being through the experience of work-family conflict (WFC) and an impaired quality of the relationship (reduced social support and increased social undermining towards the partner). Methods: The participants of this study were 99 couples of dual-earner parents in Japan. Results: Consistent with hypotheses, men's job demands (i.e. overload and emotional demands) were positively related to their own reports of WFC, and indirectly to women's ratings of men's WFC. Consequently, women's ratings of men's WFC were negatively related to the quality of the relationship (i.e. decreased social support from and increased social undermining by men), which, in turn, led to women's ill-health (i.e. depressive symptoms and physical complaints). We found similar findings for the model starting with women's job demands; gender did not affect the strength of the relationships in the model. Conclusions: These findings suggest that high job demands initiate a process of work-family conflict and poor relationship quality, which may eventually affect the intimate partner's well-being in an unfavorable way.",
keywords = "Crossover, Depression, Job demands, Spillover-crossover model, Well-being, Work-family conflict",
author = "Akihito Shimazu and Bakker, {Arnold B.} and Evangelia Demerouti",
year = "2009",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1539/joh.L8160",
language = "English",
volume = "51",
pages = "239--248",
journal = "Journal of Occupational Health",
issn = "1341-9145",
publisher = "Japan Society for Occupational Health",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - How job demands affect an intimate partner

T2 - A test of the spillover-crossover model in Japan

AU - Shimazu, Akihito

AU - Bakker, Arnold B.

AU - Demerouti, Evangelia

PY - 2009/5/1

Y1 - 2009/5/1

N2 - Objectives: The present study examined how job demands affect an intimate partner's well-being. We hypothesized that job demands have a negative influence on partner well-being through the experience of work-family conflict (WFC) and an impaired quality of the relationship (reduced social support and increased social undermining towards the partner). Methods: The participants of this study were 99 couples of dual-earner parents in Japan. Results: Consistent with hypotheses, men's job demands (i.e. overload and emotional demands) were positively related to their own reports of WFC, and indirectly to women's ratings of men's WFC. Consequently, women's ratings of men's WFC were negatively related to the quality of the relationship (i.e. decreased social support from and increased social undermining by men), which, in turn, led to women's ill-health (i.e. depressive symptoms and physical complaints). We found similar findings for the model starting with women's job demands; gender did not affect the strength of the relationships in the model. Conclusions: These findings suggest that high job demands initiate a process of work-family conflict and poor relationship quality, which may eventually affect the intimate partner's well-being in an unfavorable way.

AB - Objectives: The present study examined how job demands affect an intimate partner's well-being. We hypothesized that job demands have a negative influence on partner well-being through the experience of work-family conflict (WFC) and an impaired quality of the relationship (reduced social support and increased social undermining towards the partner). Methods: The participants of this study were 99 couples of dual-earner parents in Japan. Results: Consistent with hypotheses, men's job demands (i.e. overload and emotional demands) were positively related to their own reports of WFC, and indirectly to women's ratings of men's WFC. Consequently, women's ratings of men's WFC were negatively related to the quality of the relationship (i.e. decreased social support from and increased social undermining by men), which, in turn, led to women's ill-health (i.e. depressive symptoms and physical complaints). We found similar findings for the model starting with women's job demands; gender did not affect the strength of the relationships in the model. Conclusions: These findings suggest that high job demands initiate a process of work-family conflict and poor relationship quality, which may eventually affect the intimate partner's well-being in an unfavorable way.

KW - Crossover

KW - Depression

KW - Job demands

KW - Spillover-crossover model

KW - Well-being

KW - Work-family conflict

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=69949107591&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=69949107591&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1539/joh.L8160

DO - 10.1539/joh.L8160

M3 - Article

C2 - 19390160

AN - SCOPUS:69949107591

VL - 51

SP - 239

EP - 248

JO - Journal of Occupational Health

JF - Journal of Occupational Health

SN - 1341-9145

IS - 3

ER -