Hypercapnic acidosis minimizes endotoxin-induced gut mucosal injury in rabbits

Hiroshi Morisaki, Satoshi Yajima, Yoko Watanabe, Takeshi Suzuki, Michiko Yamamoto, Nobuyuki Katori, Saori Hashiguchi, Junzo Takeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent evidence demonstrated that hypercapnic acidosis due to lung protective strategy was not only permissive but also even therapeutic for injured lung. Since the effects of hypercapnic acidosis on extra-pulmonary organs remain to be clarified, we tested the hypothesis that hypercapnic acidosis protects gut mucosal barrier function by modulating inflammation in a rabbit model of endotoxemia. Prospective randomized animal study. University research laboratory. Male New Zealand white rabbits. Thirty-two animals were randomly allocated into two groups: normocapnia (n = 17) and hypercapnia (n = 15). The latter group received FICO2 5% under mechanical ventilation to achieve hypercapnia throughout the study periods, whereas the former with FICO2 0%. Arterial blood gas, intramucosal pH (pHi) and portal blood flow were assessed at baseline, 2-h and 4-h infusion of lipopolysaccharide. At 4 h, ileal myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and intestinal permeability were measured. The animals in the hypercapnia group showed apparent hypercapnic acidosis and progressive intramucosal acidosis at 4 h, accompanied by significantly lower intestinal permeability versus normocapnia group. Ileal MPO activity was comparable between the study groups. Hypercapnic acidosis attenuates endotoxin-induced gut barrier dysfunction possibly through neutrophil-independent mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-135
Number of pages7
JournalIntensive Care Medicine
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • Bacterial translocation
  • Hypercapnia
  • Intramucosal pH
  • Myeoloperoxidase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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