Hypoxia-inducible factor inhibitors derived from marine products suppress a murine model of neovascular retinopathy

Chiho Shoda, Yukihiro Miwa, Kazumi Nimura, Kazutoshi Okamoto, Satoru Yamagami, Kazuo Tsubota, Toshihide Kurihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Neovascular retinal degenerative diseases are the leading causes of blindness in developed countries. Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy is commonly used to treat these diseases currently. However, recent reports indicate that long term suppression of VEGF in the eye is associated with chorioretinal atrophy. Therefore, a physiological amount of VEGF is required for retinal homeostasis. Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) is a transcriptional factor upstream of VEGF. We previously reported that HIF regulated pathological angiogenesis in the retina of murine models of oxygen-induced retinopathy and laser-induced choroidal neovascularization. Most of the known HIF inhibitors are anti-cancer agents which may have systemic adverse effects in for clinical use; thus, there is a need for safer and less invasive HIF inhibitors. In this study, we screened marine products, especially fish ingredients, and found that six species of fish had HIF inhibitory effects. Among them, administration of Decapterus tabl ingredients significantly suppressed retinal neovascular tufts by inhibiting HIF expression in a murine oxygen-induced retinopathy model. These results indicate that particular fish ingredients can act as anti-angiogenic agents in retinal neovascularization diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1055
JournalNutrients
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr

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Keywords

  • HIF
  • Marine products
  • Oxygen-induced retinopathy
  • Retinal neovascularization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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