Identification and purification of sulfotransferases for 20-hydroxysteroid from the larval fat body of a fleshfly, sarcophag peregrina

Eiko Matsumoto, Michio Matsui, Hiro Omi Tamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sulfotransferase (ST) activity for 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) was identified in a larval fat body lysate of the fleshfly, Sarcophaga peregrina, but not in the hemolymph. The activity was highly sensitive to 2,6-dichloro-4-nitrophenol (DCNP) (IC50=0.61 μM), a specific inhibitor of phenol ST (P-ST), but insensitive to triethylamine, a hydroxysteroid ST inhibitor. These results suggest that 20E-specific ST enzymes belong to the P-ST family, despite the fact that 20E is a hydroxysteroid. In addition to 20E ST activity, a relatively high level of 2-naphthol ST activity was detected in the fat body lysate. The ST activity for both substrates transiently decreased to the 50% of maximal levels, 6 hrs after induction of pupation. The ST enzymes were separated on a DEAE-cellulose column. The 20E-ST enzymes were eluted around 50 mM KCl as two separate peaks of close proximity and the P-ST was eluted at 0.1 M KCl. The 20E ST enzymes were further purified using 3′-phosphoadenosine 5′-phosphate (PAP)-agarose affinity column chromatography. Both of the eluted active fractions demonstrated 43-kDa proteins on SDS-polyacrylamide gel. Photoaffinity labeling with [35S]-3′-phosphoadenosine 5′-phosphosulfate (PAPS) showed 43-kDa bands in the fat body lysate, as well as in the purified fractions. These results suggest that the 43-kDa proteins catalyze 20E sulfation within the fat body of S. peregrina.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1780-1785
Number of pages6
JournalBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
Volume67
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jan 1

Keywords

  • 20-hydroxyecdysone
  • Fly
  • Sarcophaga peregrina
  • Sulfotransferase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry

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