Identification of compounds in red wine that effectively upregulate aquaporin-3 as a potential mechanism of enhancement of skin moisturizing

Yumi Nakamura, Takatsugu Tsuchiya, Mariko Hara-Chikuma, Masato Yasui, Yuko Fukui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In a previous clinical study, the moisture content in the stratum corneum of healthy Japanese women who consumed a beverage rich in oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPCs) made from red wine extract was found to be higher than that in the control group. This finding suggested that OPCs can increase skin moisture content. In this study, we determined the expression level of aquaporin-3 (AQP3) in keratinocytes to elucidate the mechanism by which compounds in red wine grape increase moisture content in stratum corneum. Through in vitro studies, we confirmed that normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEK) incubated with red wine induced AQP3 expression. Furthermore, the supplementation of red wine fractions enriched in OPC was shown to increase AQP3 expression. Besides, the component of OPC-rich fractions that upregulated AQP3 expression was found to be a gallic acid (GA)-binding flavan-3-ol, particularly oligomeric compounds. We found that GA-binding OPC were able to upregulate AQP3 expression and that these compounds were enriched in red wine. Our findings might suggest that the mechanism of enhancement of moisture content in stratum corneum by red wine might be via the upregulation of AQP3 expression in the epidermal keratinocytes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100864
JournalBiochemistry and Biophysics Reports
Volume24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec

Keywords

  • Aquaporin-3
  • Flavan-3-ol
  • Grape
  • Oligomeric proanthocyanidin
  • Skin moisturization
  • Vitis vinifera

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry

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