Spondylocostal dysostosis (SCDO) is a heterogeneous group of skeletal disorders characterized by multiple segmentation defects involving vertebrae and ribs. Seven disease genes have been reported as causal genes for SCDO: DLL3, MESP2, TBX6, HES7, RIPPLY2, DMRT2, and LFNG. Here we report a Japanese SCDO case with multiple severe vertebral anomalies from cervical to sacral spine. The patient was a compound heterozygote for c.372delG (p.K124Nfs*) and c.601G>A (p.D201N) variants of LFNG, which encodes a glycosyltransferase (O-fucosylpeptide 3-beta-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase). The missense variant was in the DxD motif, an active-site motif of the glycosyltransferase, and its loss of the enzyme function was confirmed by an in vitro enzyme assay. This is the second report of LFNG mutations in SCDO.
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