Identification of protein kinase C isozymes involved in the anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic activities of 10-Methyl-aplog-1, a simplified analog of debromoaplysiatoxin, in several cancer cell lines

Yusuke Hanaki, Yuki Shikata, Masayuki Kikumori, Natsuki Hotta, Masaya Imoto, Kazuhiro Irie

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

10-Me-aplog-1 is a simplified analog of the tumor-promoting compound debromoaplysiatoxin (DAT) and a unique protein kinase C (PKC) activator with limited tumor-promoting and pro-inflammatory activities. 10-Me-aplog-1 inhibits the growth of several cancer cell lines, but the inhibitory mechanism involving PKC isozymes remains unclear. We quantified the amount of PKC isozymes in nine human cancer cell lines that differ in 10-Me-aplog-1 sensitivity. PKCα and δ were the predominant isozymes expressed in all cell lines, but there was no significant correlation between expression levels and anti-proliferative activity. Knocking down PKCα, and/or PKCδ in the three aplog-sensitive cell lines indicated their involvement in the anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic activities of 10-Me-aplog-1. This finding suggests that PKCα and/or PKCδ activation could be effective for treating certain cancers. Since the mechanism underlying 10-Me-aplog-1's anti-proliferative activities resembles that of DAT, 10-Me-aplog-1 may be regarded as a special key derived from pleiotropic DAT as a bunch of keys.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Protein Kinase C
Isoenzymes
Cells
Cell Line
Neoplasms
Tumors
debromoaplysiatoxin
Chemical activation
Growth
protein kinase C kinase

Keywords

  • Aplysiatoxin
  • Phorbol ester
  • Protein kinase C
  • Tumor promoter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Identification of protein kinase C isozymes involved in the anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic activities of 10-Methyl-aplog-1, a simplified analog of debromoaplysiatoxin, in several cancer cell lines",
abstract = "10-Me-aplog-1 is a simplified analog of the tumor-promoting compound debromoaplysiatoxin (DAT) and a unique protein kinase C (PKC) activator with limited tumor-promoting and pro-inflammatory activities. 10-Me-aplog-1 inhibits the growth of several cancer cell lines, but the inhibitory mechanism involving PKC isozymes remains unclear. We quantified the amount of PKC isozymes in nine human cancer cell lines that differ in 10-Me-aplog-1 sensitivity. PKCα and δ were the predominant isozymes expressed in all cell lines, but there was no significant correlation between expression levels and anti-proliferative activity. Knocking down PKCα, and/or PKCδ in the three aplog-sensitive cell lines indicated their involvement in the anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic activities of 10-Me-aplog-1. This finding suggests that PKCα and/or PKCδ activation could be effective for treating certain cancers. Since the mechanism underlying 10-Me-aplog-1's anti-proliferative activities resembles that of DAT, 10-Me-aplog-1 may be regarded as a special key derived from pleiotropic DAT as a bunch of keys.",
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T1 - Identification of protein kinase C isozymes involved in the anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic activities of 10-Methyl-aplog-1, a simplified analog of debromoaplysiatoxin, in several cancer cell lines

AU - Hanaki, Yusuke

AU - Shikata, Yuki

AU - Kikumori, Masayuki

AU - Hotta, Natsuki

AU - Imoto, Masaya

AU - Irie, Kazuhiro

PY - 2017/1/1

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N2 - 10-Me-aplog-1 is a simplified analog of the tumor-promoting compound debromoaplysiatoxin (DAT) and a unique protein kinase C (PKC) activator with limited tumor-promoting and pro-inflammatory activities. 10-Me-aplog-1 inhibits the growth of several cancer cell lines, but the inhibitory mechanism involving PKC isozymes remains unclear. We quantified the amount of PKC isozymes in nine human cancer cell lines that differ in 10-Me-aplog-1 sensitivity. PKCα and δ were the predominant isozymes expressed in all cell lines, but there was no significant correlation between expression levels and anti-proliferative activity. Knocking down PKCα, and/or PKCδ in the three aplog-sensitive cell lines indicated their involvement in the anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic activities of 10-Me-aplog-1. This finding suggests that PKCα and/or PKCδ activation could be effective for treating certain cancers. Since the mechanism underlying 10-Me-aplog-1's anti-proliferative activities resembles that of DAT, 10-Me-aplog-1 may be regarded as a special key derived from pleiotropic DAT as a bunch of keys.

AB - 10-Me-aplog-1 is a simplified analog of the tumor-promoting compound debromoaplysiatoxin (DAT) and a unique protein kinase C (PKC) activator with limited tumor-promoting and pro-inflammatory activities. 10-Me-aplog-1 inhibits the growth of several cancer cell lines, but the inhibitory mechanism involving PKC isozymes remains unclear. We quantified the amount of PKC isozymes in nine human cancer cell lines that differ in 10-Me-aplog-1 sensitivity. PKCα and δ were the predominant isozymes expressed in all cell lines, but there was no significant correlation between expression levels and anti-proliferative activity. Knocking down PKCα, and/or PKCδ in the three aplog-sensitive cell lines indicated their involvement in the anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic activities of 10-Me-aplog-1. This finding suggests that PKCα and/or PKCδ activation could be effective for treating certain cancers. Since the mechanism underlying 10-Me-aplog-1's anti-proliferative activities resembles that of DAT, 10-Me-aplog-1 may be regarded as a special key derived from pleiotropic DAT as a bunch of keys.

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