Identification of unknown object properties based on tactile motion sequence using 2-finger gripper robot

Joel Thompson, D. Kasun Prasanga, Toshiyuki Murakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of service robots is to work and handle a wide range of objects in a human environment. Therefore, they must have the ability to grasp unknown objects with the appropriate force, by dynamically identifying their stiffness, mass, and surface-interaction properties. To ensure the successful grasping of unknown objects, it is significant to estimate the object response properties. In this paper, the cognitive functions to efficiently perform such operations with only tactile motion data and supervised learning using limited data, have been demonstrated. The study uses pinch-grasping performed by a 2-fingered robot experimental setup with a pre-designed motion sequence, over 7 different objects having a wide range of properties to capture the motion data. The proposed approach avails pre-processed motion data to train neural networks for accurately predicting object response properties for 3 unseen test objects. We have done a comparative study among three neural network architectures CNN, LSTM, and CNN-LSTM and we found that novel CNN-LSTM outperforms the other two models in terms of accuracy. The CNN-LSTM regression model achieves 0.98 and 0.97 of R2 value for the prediction of stiffness and mass, respectively and the CNN classification model achieves 94% of accuracy for the surface interaction classification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-357
Number of pages11
JournalPrecision Engineering
Volume74
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar

Keywords

  • Convolutional neural networks (CNN)
  • Deep neural network (DNN)
  • Long short-term memory (LSTM)
  • Reaction force OBserver (RFOB)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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