IgA plasma cells express the negative regulatory co-stimulatory molecule programmed cell death 1 ligand and have a potential tolerogenic role in the intestine

Tomomitsu Doi, Takanori Kanai, Yohei Mikami, Tomohisa Sujino, Li Jun, Yuichi Ono, Atsushi Hayashi, Toshifumi Hibi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To maintain immune homeostasis in the intestine, the intestinal immune system has evolved several tolerogenic mechanisms toward intestinal microflora and food antigens. Although programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) protein has been implicated in immunological tolerance in the intestine and gut-associated lymphoid tissues (GALTs), distribution of its ligands PD-L1 and PD-L2 in the small intestine lamina propria (LP) are unknown. We investigated PD-L1 expression in intestinal LP and found that IgA plasma cells (PCs) were major PD-L1 expressing cells. PD-L1 expression levels on IgA PCs were higher than that on IgG PCs in peripheral lymphoid tissues. IgA PCs expressed antigen-presenting molecule MHC class II and co-stimulatory molecules CD80, CD86, and PD-L2. IgA PCs isolated from intestinal LP exhibited antigen presentation activity, and in the presence of TGF-β induced FoxP3+ regulatory T cells, but not IFN-γ+ Th1 cells, from naïve T cells. Thus, IgA PCs in the intestine may be involved in an immune regulatory role in the intestinal immune system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)918-923
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume425
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Sep 7

Keywords

  • FoxP3
  • Intestine
  • PD-L1
  • Plasma cells
  • Tolerance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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