IGF2 differentially methylated region hypomethylation in relation to pathological and molecular features of serrated lesions

Takafumi Naito, Katsuhiko Nosho, Miki Ito, Hisayoshi Igarashi, Kei Mitsuhashi, Shinji Yoshii, Hironori Aoki, Masafumi Nomura, Yasutaka Sukawa, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Yasushi Adachi, Hiroaki Takahashi, Masao Hosokawa, Masahiro Fujita, Toshinao Takenouchi, Reo Maruyama, Hiromu Suzuki, Yoshifumi Baba, Kohzoh Imai, Hiroyuki YamamotoShuji Ogino, Yasuhisa Shinomura

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Abstract

AIM: To investigate insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2 ) differentially methylated region (DMR)0 hypomethylation in relation to clinicopathological and molecular features in colorectal serrated lesions. METHODS: To accurately analyze the association between the histological types and molecular features of each type of serrated lesion, we consecutively collected 1386 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue specimens that comprised all histological types [hyperplastic polyps (HPs, n = 121), sessile serrated adenomas (SSAs, n = 132), traditional serrated adenomas (TSAs, n = 111), non-serrated adenomas (n = 195), and colorectal cancers (CRCs, n = 827)]. We evaluated the methylation levels of IGF2 DMR0 and long interspersed nucleotide element-1 (LINE-1) in HPs (n = 115), SSAs (n = 120), SSAs with cytological dysplasia (n = 10), TSAs (n = 91), TSAs with high-grade dysplasia (HGD) (n = 15), non-serrated adenomas (n = 80), non-serrated adeno-Naito mas with HGD (n = 105), and CRCs (n = 794). For the accurate quantification of the relative methylation levels (scale 0%-100%) of IGF2 DMR0 and LINE-1, we used bisulfite pyrosequencing method. Tumor specimens were analyzed for microsatellite instability, KRAS (codons 12 and 13), BRAF (V600E ), and PIK3CA (exons 9 and 20) mutations; MLH1 and MGMT methylation; and IGF2 expression by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: The distribution of the IGF2 DMR0 methylation level in 351 serrated lesions and 185 non-serrated adenomas (with or without HGD) was as follows: mean 61.7, median 62.5, SD 18.0, range 5.0-99.0, interquartile range 49.5-74.4. The IGF2 DMR0 methylation level was divided into quartiles (Q1 ≥ 74.5, Q2 62.6-74.4, Q3 49.6-62.5, Q4 ≤ 49.5) for further analysis. With regard to the histological type, the IGF2 DMR0 methylation levels of SSAs (mean ± SD, 73.1 ± 12.3) were significantly higher than those of HPs (61.9 ± 20.5), TSAs (61.6 ± 19.6), and non-serrated adenomas (59.0 ± 15.8) (P < 0.0001). The IGF2 DMR0 methylation level was inversely correlated with the IGF2 expression level (r = -0.21, P = 0.0051). IGF2 DMR0 hypomethylation was less frequently detected in SSAs compared with HPs, TSAs, and non-serrated adenomas (P < 0.0001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis also showed that IGF2 DMR0 hypomethylation was inversely associated with SSAs (P < 0.0001). The methylation levels of IGF2 DMR0 and LINE-1 in TSAs with HGD (50.2 ± 18.7 and 55.7 ± 5.4, respectively) were significantly lower than those in TSAs (61.6 ± 19.6 and 58.8 ± 4.7, respectively) (IGF2 DMR0, P = 0.038; LINE-1, P = 0.024). CONCLUSION: IGF2 DMR0 hypomethylation may be an infrequent epigenetic alteration in the SSA pathway. Hypomethylation of IGF2 DMR0 and LINE-1 may play a role in TSA pathway progression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10050-10061
Number of pages12
JournalWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
Issue number29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 7

Keywords

  • BRAF
  • Colon polyp
  • Colorectal neoplasia
  • Colorectum
  • Genome
  • Insulin-like growth factor
  • Long interspersed nucleotide element-1
  • Microsatellite instability
  • Serrated pathway

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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    Naito, T., Nosho, K., Ito, M., Igarashi, H., Mitsuhashi, K., Yoshii, S., Aoki, H., Nomura, M., Sukawa, Y., Yamamoto, E., Adachi, Y., Takahashi, H., Hosokawa, M., Fujita, M., Takenouchi, T., Maruyama, R., Suzuki, H., Baba, Y., Imai, K., ... Shinomura, Y. (2014). IGF2 differentially methylated region hypomethylation in relation to pathological and molecular features of serrated lesions. World Journal of Gastroenterology, (29), 10050-10061. https://doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v20.i29.10050