IL-6 enhances the differentiation of pluripotent hematopoietic stem cells but predominantly affects the differentiation of hematopoietic cells in the granulocyte-macrophage lineage. We have previously shown that multinucleated cells (MNC) with many features of the osteoclast phenotype form in long term human marrow cultures. Addition of rhIL-6 (10 to 100 pg/ml) to these cultures significantly increased MNC formation, with > 80% of the MNC expressing an Ag that cross-reacts with the mAb 23c6. This antibody preferentially binds to osteoclasts. rhIL-6 did not enhance MNC formation in marrow cultures treated with 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D3, a potent stimulator of MNC formation, but significantly increased the percentage of MNC that cross-reacted with the 23c6 mAb. Addition of anti-human IL-1 to cultures treated with rhIL-6 totally inhibited the increase in MNC formation stimulated by rhIL-6. In contrast, anti-IL-1 did not affect MNC formation stimulated by 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D3. Further, conditioned media from marrow cultures exposed to rhIL-6 contained elevated levels of IL-1β (500 pg/ml compared to 23 pg/ml in control cultures 15 h after IL-6 addition). These results suggest that the capacity of rhIL-6 to stimulate formation of MNC which cross-react with 23c6 is mediated by induction of release of IL-1β.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy