Imaging Comparison Between Chinese and Japanese Patients With Cervical Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament

Bin Xiao, Narihito Nagoshi, Ayano Takeuchi, Jianping Mao, Bo Liu, Wei Tian, Osahiko Tsuji, Eijiro Okada, Nobuyuki Fujita, Mitsuru Yagi, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Ken Ishii, Koota Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To identify the radiographic differences between Chinese and Japanese patients with cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) using computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and to compare the characteristics of OPLL between the two nationalities. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: OPLL has a high prevalence in East Asia. However, the differences between Chinese and Japanese OPLL patients are poorly known. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of Chinese (n = 300) and Japanese (n = 102) consecutive patients who received a diagnosis of cervical OPLL between January 2010 and December 2014. All patients underwent CT and MRI. The type and distribution of OPLL were determined. Spinal compression was assessed by MRI. OPLL type, distribution, comorbidity, and compression of the spinal cord were examined. The ossification index (OP-index) was used to evaluate the OPLL. Factors contributing to the OP-index were examined by multivariate analysis. RESULTS: The Chinese patients were younger than the Japanese patients (P < 0.0001), and there were more women among the Chinese patients (P = 0.0002). The OP-index was higher among the Japanese patients (median, 5 vs. 4, P = 0.003). Among men, OPLL lesions were more frequent in the under 55-year-old Japanese at C7 (P = 0.04), in the 55 to 64-year-old Japanese at C4, C5, and C6 (all P < 0.05), and in the over 64-year-old Japanese at C3/4 (P = 0.01), compared with their Chinese counterparts. Among women, OPLL lesions were more frequent in the 55 to 64-year-old Japanese at C6 (P = 0.04). The multivariate analysis showed that only age was independently associated with the OP-index (odds ratio [OR] = 1.023, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.002-1.045, P = 0.034). CONCLUSION: Japanese patients had a higher frequency of OPLL lesions at C5, C6, and C7. Age was independently associated with OPLL.3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E1376-E1383
JournalSpine
Volume43
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1

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Ossification of Posterior Longitudinal Ligament
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Multivariate Analysis
Retrospective Studies
Tomography
Spinal Cord Compression
Far East
Ethnic Groups
Osteogenesis
Comorbidity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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Imaging Comparison Between Chinese and Japanese Patients With Cervical Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament. / Xiao, Bin; Nagoshi, Narihito; Takeuchi, Ayano; Mao, Jianping; Liu, Bo; Tian, Wei; Tsuji, Osahiko; Okada, Eijiro; Fujita, Nobuyuki; Yagi, Mitsuru; Nakamura, Masaya; Matsumoto, Morio; Ishii, Ken; Watanabe, Koota.

In: Spine, Vol. 43, No. 23, 01.12.2018, p. E1376-E1383.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To identify the radiographic differences between Chinese and Japanese patients with cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) using computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and to compare the characteristics of OPLL between the two nationalities. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: OPLL has a high prevalence in East Asia. However, the differences between Chinese and Japanese OPLL patients are poorly known. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of Chinese (n = 300) and Japanese (n = 102) consecutive patients who received a diagnosis of cervical OPLL between January 2010 and December 2014. All patients underwent CT and MRI. The type and distribution of OPLL were determined. Spinal compression was assessed by MRI. OPLL type, distribution, comorbidity, and compression of the spinal cord were examined. The ossification index (OP-index) was used to evaluate the OPLL. Factors contributing to the OP-index were examined by multivariate analysis. RESULTS: The Chinese patients were younger than the Japanese patients (P < 0.0001), and there were more women among the Chinese patients (P = 0.0002). The OP-index was higher among the Japanese patients (median, 5 vs. 4, P = 0.003). Among men, OPLL lesions were more frequent in the under 55-year-old Japanese at C7 (P = 0.04), in the 55 to 64-year-old Japanese at C4, C5, and C6 (all P < 0.05), and in the over 64-year-old Japanese at C3/4 (P = 0.01), compared with their Chinese counterparts. Among women, OPLL lesions were more frequent in the 55 to 64-year-old Japanese at C6 (P = 0.04). The multivariate analysis showed that only age was independently associated with the OP-index (odds ratio [OR] = 1.023, 95{\%} confidence interval [CI]: 1.002-1.045, P = 0.034). CONCLUSION: Japanese patients had a higher frequency of OPLL lesions at C5, C6, and C7. Age was independently associated with OPLL.3.",
author = "Bin Xiao and Narihito Nagoshi and Ayano Takeuchi and Jianping Mao and Bo Liu and Wei Tian and Osahiko Tsuji and Eijiro Okada and Nobuyuki Fujita and Mitsuru Yagi and Masaya Nakamura and Morio Matsumoto and Ken Ishii and Koota Watanabe",
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T1 - Imaging Comparison Between Chinese and Japanese Patients With Cervical Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament

AU - Xiao, Bin

AU - Nagoshi, Narihito

AU - Takeuchi, Ayano

AU - Mao, Jianping

AU - Liu, Bo

AU - Tian, Wei

AU - Tsuji, Osahiko

AU - Okada, Eijiro

AU - Fujita, Nobuyuki

AU - Yagi, Mitsuru

AU - Nakamura, Masaya

AU - Matsumoto, Morio

AU - Ishii, Ken

AU - Watanabe, Koota

PY - 2018/12/1

Y1 - 2018/12/1

N2 - STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To identify the radiographic differences between Chinese and Japanese patients with cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) using computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and to compare the characteristics of OPLL between the two nationalities. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: OPLL has a high prevalence in East Asia. However, the differences between Chinese and Japanese OPLL patients are poorly known. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of Chinese (n = 300) and Japanese (n = 102) consecutive patients who received a diagnosis of cervical OPLL between January 2010 and December 2014. All patients underwent CT and MRI. The type and distribution of OPLL were determined. Spinal compression was assessed by MRI. OPLL type, distribution, comorbidity, and compression of the spinal cord were examined. The ossification index (OP-index) was used to evaluate the OPLL. Factors contributing to the OP-index were examined by multivariate analysis. RESULTS: The Chinese patients were younger than the Japanese patients (P < 0.0001), and there were more women among the Chinese patients (P = 0.0002). The OP-index was higher among the Japanese patients (median, 5 vs. 4, P = 0.003). Among men, OPLL lesions were more frequent in the under 55-year-old Japanese at C7 (P = 0.04), in the 55 to 64-year-old Japanese at C4, C5, and C6 (all P < 0.05), and in the over 64-year-old Japanese at C3/4 (P = 0.01), compared with their Chinese counterparts. Among women, OPLL lesions were more frequent in the 55 to 64-year-old Japanese at C6 (P = 0.04). The multivariate analysis showed that only age was independently associated with the OP-index (odds ratio [OR] = 1.023, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.002-1.045, P = 0.034). CONCLUSION: Japanese patients had a higher frequency of OPLL lesions at C5, C6, and C7. Age was independently associated with OPLL.3.

AB - STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To identify the radiographic differences between Chinese and Japanese patients with cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) using computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and to compare the characteristics of OPLL between the two nationalities. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: OPLL has a high prevalence in East Asia. However, the differences between Chinese and Japanese OPLL patients are poorly known. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of Chinese (n = 300) and Japanese (n = 102) consecutive patients who received a diagnosis of cervical OPLL between January 2010 and December 2014. All patients underwent CT and MRI. The type and distribution of OPLL were determined. Spinal compression was assessed by MRI. OPLL type, distribution, comorbidity, and compression of the spinal cord were examined. The ossification index (OP-index) was used to evaluate the OPLL. Factors contributing to the OP-index were examined by multivariate analysis. RESULTS: The Chinese patients were younger than the Japanese patients (P < 0.0001), and there were more women among the Chinese patients (P = 0.0002). The OP-index was higher among the Japanese patients (median, 5 vs. 4, P = 0.003). Among men, OPLL lesions were more frequent in the under 55-year-old Japanese at C7 (P = 0.04), in the 55 to 64-year-old Japanese at C4, C5, and C6 (all P < 0.05), and in the over 64-year-old Japanese at C3/4 (P = 0.01), compared with their Chinese counterparts. Among women, OPLL lesions were more frequent in the 55 to 64-year-old Japanese at C6 (P = 0.04). The multivariate analysis showed that only age was independently associated with the OP-index (odds ratio [OR] = 1.023, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.002-1.045, P = 0.034). CONCLUSION: Japanese patients had a higher frequency of OPLL lesions at C5, C6, and C7. Age was independently associated with OPLL.3.

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