Impact of Body Temperature Abnormalities on the Implementation of Sepsis Bundles and Outcomes in Patients With Severe Sepsis

A Retrospective Sub-Analysis of the Focused Outcome Research on Emergency Care for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Sepsis and Trauma Study

JAAM Focused Outcome Research on Emergency Care for Acute respiratory distress syndrome, Sepsis and Trauma (FORECAST) Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of body temperature on disease severity, implementation of sepsis bundles, and outcomes in severe sepsis patients. DESIGN: Retrospective sub-analysis. SETTING: Fifty-nine ICUs in Japan, from January 2016 to March 2017. PATIENTS: Adult patients with severe sepsis based on Sepsis-2 were enrolled and divided into three categories (body temperature < 36°C, 36-38°C, > 38°C), using the core body temperature at ICU admission.None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Compliance with the bundles proposed in the Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines 2012, in-hospital mortality, disposition after discharge, and the number of ICU and ventilator-free days were evaluated. Of 1,143 enrolled patients, 127, 565, and 451 were categorized as having body temperature less than 36°C, 36-38°C, and greater than 38°C, respectively. Hypothermia-body temperature less than 36°C-was observed in 11.1% of patients. Patients with hypothermia were significantly older than those with a body temperature of 36-38°C or greater than 38°C and had a lower body mass index and higher prevalence of septic shock than those with body temperature greater than 38°C. Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment scores on the day of enrollment were also significantly higher in hypothermia patients. Implementation rates of the entire 3-hour bundle and administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics significantly differed across categories; implementation rates were significantly lower in patients with body temperature less than 36°C than in those with body temperature greater than 38°C. Implementation rate of the entire 3-hour resuscitation bundle + vasopressor use + remeasured lactate significantly differed across categories, as did the in-hospital and 28-day mortality. The odds ratio for in-hospital mortality relative to the reference range of body temperature greater than 38°C was 1.760 (95% CI, 1.134-2.732) in the group with hypothermia. The proportions of ICU-free and ventilator-free days also significantly differed between categories and were significantly smaller in patients with hypothermia. CONCLUSIONS: Hypothermia was associated with a significantly higher disease severity, mortality risk, and lower implementation of sepsis bundles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)691-699
Number of pages9
JournalCritical care medicine
Volume47
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May 1

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Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Emergency Medical Services
Body Temperature
Sepsis
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Hypothermia
Wounds and Injuries
Mechanical Ventilators
Hospital Mortality
Organ Dysfunction Scores
APACHE
Mortality
Septic Shock
Resuscitation
Lactic Acid
Japan
Reference Values
Body Mass Index
Odds Ratio
Guidelines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Impact of Body Temperature Abnormalities on the Implementation of Sepsis Bundles and Outcomes in Patients With Severe Sepsis : A Retrospective Sub-Analysis of the Focused Outcome Research on Emergency Care for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Sepsis and Trauma Study. / JAAM Focused Outcome Research on Emergency Care for Acute respiratory distress syndrome, Sepsis and Trauma (FORECAST) Group.

In: Critical care medicine, Vol. 47, No. 5, 01.05.2019, p. 691-699.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Impact of Body Temperature Abnormalities on the Implementation of Sepsis Bundles and Outcomes in Patients With Severe Sepsis: A Retrospective Sub-Analysis of the Focused Outcome Research on Emergency Care for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Sepsis and Trauma Study",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of body temperature on disease severity, implementation of sepsis bundles, and outcomes in severe sepsis patients. DESIGN: Retrospective sub-analysis. SETTING: Fifty-nine ICUs in Japan, from January 2016 to March 2017. PATIENTS: Adult patients with severe sepsis based on Sepsis-2 were enrolled and divided into three categories (body temperature < 36°C, 36-38°C, > 38°C), using the core body temperature at ICU admission.None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Compliance with the bundles proposed in the Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines 2012, in-hospital mortality, disposition after discharge, and the number of ICU and ventilator-free days were evaluated. Of 1,143 enrolled patients, 127, 565, and 451 were categorized as having body temperature less than 36°C, 36-38°C, and greater than 38°C, respectively. Hypothermia-body temperature less than 36°C-was observed in 11.1{\%} of patients. Patients with hypothermia were significantly older than those with a body temperature of 36-38°C or greater than 38°C and had a lower body mass index and higher prevalence of septic shock than those with body temperature greater than 38°C. Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment scores on the day of enrollment were also significantly higher in hypothermia patients. Implementation rates of the entire 3-hour bundle and administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics significantly differed across categories; implementation rates were significantly lower in patients with body temperature less than 36°C than in those with body temperature greater than 38°C. Implementation rate of the entire 3-hour resuscitation bundle + vasopressor use + remeasured lactate significantly differed across categories, as did the in-hospital and 28-day mortality. The odds ratio for in-hospital mortality relative to the reference range of body temperature greater than 38°C was 1.760 (95{\%} CI, 1.134-2.732) in the group with hypothermia. The proportions of ICU-free and ventilator-free days also significantly differed between categories and were significantly smaller in patients with hypothermia. CONCLUSIONS: Hypothermia was associated with a significantly higher disease severity, mortality risk, and lower implementation of sepsis bundles.",
author = "{JAAM Focused Outcome Research on Emergency Care for Acute respiratory distress syndrome, Sepsis and Trauma (FORECAST) Group} and Shigeki Kushimoto and Toshikazu Abe and Hiroshi Ogura and Atsushi Shiraishi and Daizoh Saitoh and Seitaro Fujishima and Toshihiko Mayumi and Toru Hifumi and Yasukazu Shiino and Nakada, {Taka Aki} and Takehiko Tarui and Yasuhiro Otomo and Kohji Okamoto and Yutaka Umemura and Joji Kotani and Yuichiro Sakamoto and Junichi Sasaki and Shiraishi, {Shin Ichiro} and Kiyotsugu Takuma and Ryosuke Tsuruta and Akiyoshi Hagiwara and Kazuma Yamakawa and Tomohiko Masuno and Naoshi Takeyama and Norio Yamashita and Hiroto Ikeda and Masashi Ueyama and Satoshi Fujimi and Satoshi Gando",
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T1 - Impact of Body Temperature Abnormalities on the Implementation of Sepsis Bundles and Outcomes in Patients With Severe Sepsis

T2 - A Retrospective Sub-Analysis of the Focused Outcome Research on Emergency Care for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Sepsis and Trauma Study

AU - JAAM Focused Outcome Research on Emergency Care for Acute respiratory distress syndrome, Sepsis and Trauma (FORECAST) Group

AU - Kushimoto, Shigeki

AU - Abe, Toshikazu

AU - Ogura, Hiroshi

AU - Shiraishi, Atsushi

AU - Saitoh, Daizoh

AU - Fujishima, Seitaro

AU - Mayumi, Toshihiko

AU - Hifumi, Toru

AU - Shiino, Yasukazu

AU - Nakada, Taka Aki

AU - Tarui, Takehiko

AU - Otomo, Yasuhiro

AU - Okamoto, Kohji

AU - Umemura, Yutaka

AU - Kotani, Joji

AU - Sakamoto, Yuichiro

AU - Sasaki, Junichi

AU - Shiraishi, Shin Ichiro

AU - Takuma, Kiyotsugu

AU - Tsuruta, Ryosuke

AU - Hagiwara, Akiyoshi

AU - Yamakawa, Kazuma

AU - Masuno, Tomohiko

AU - Takeyama, Naoshi

AU - Yamashita, Norio

AU - Ikeda, Hiroto

AU - Ueyama, Masashi

AU - Fujimi, Satoshi

AU - Gando, Satoshi

PY - 2019/5/1

Y1 - 2019/5/1

N2 - OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of body temperature on disease severity, implementation of sepsis bundles, and outcomes in severe sepsis patients. DESIGN: Retrospective sub-analysis. SETTING: Fifty-nine ICUs in Japan, from January 2016 to March 2017. PATIENTS: Adult patients with severe sepsis based on Sepsis-2 were enrolled and divided into three categories (body temperature < 36°C, 36-38°C, > 38°C), using the core body temperature at ICU admission.None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Compliance with the bundles proposed in the Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines 2012, in-hospital mortality, disposition after discharge, and the number of ICU and ventilator-free days were evaluated. Of 1,143 enrolled patients, 127, 565, and 451 were categorized as having body temperature less than 36°C, 36-38°C, and greater than 38°C, respectively. Hypothermia-body temperature less than 36°C-was observed in 11.1% of patients. Patients with hypothermia were significantly older than those with a body temperature of 36-38°C or greater than 38°C and had a lower body mass index and higher prevalence of septic shock than those with body temperature greater than 38°C. Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment scores on the day of enrollment were also significantly higher in hypothermia patients. Implementation rates of the entire 3-hour bundle and administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics significantly differed across categories; implementation rates were significantly lower in patients with body temperature less than 36°C than in those with body temperature greater than 38°C. Implementation rate of the entire 3-hour resuscitation bundle + vasopressor use + remeasured lactate significantly differed across categories, as did the in-hospital and 28-day mortality. The odds ratio for in-hospital mortality relative to the reference range of body temperature greater than 38°C was 1.760 (95% CI, 1.134-2.732) in the group with hypothermia. The proportions of ICU-free and ventilator-free days also significantly differed between categories and were significantly smaller in patients with hypothermia. CONCLUSIONS: Hypothermia was associated with a significantly higher disease severity, mortality risk, and lower implementation of sepsis bundles.

AB - OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of body temperature on disease severity, implementation of sepsis bundles, and outcomes in severe sepsis patients. DESIGN: Retrospective sub-analysis. SETTING: Fifty-nine ICUs in Japan, from January 2016 to March 2017. PATIENTS: Adult patients with severe sepsis based on Sepsis-2 were enrolled and divided into three categories (body temperature < 36°C, 36-38°C, > 38°C), using the core body temperature at ICU admission.None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Compliance with the bundles proposed in the Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines 2012, in-hospital mortality, disposition after discharge, and the number of ICU and ventilator-free days were evaluated. Of 1,143 enrolled patients, 127, 565, and 451 were categorized as having body temperature less than 36°C, 36-38°C, and greater than 38°C, respectively. Hypothermia-body temperature less than 36°C-was observed in 11.1% of patients. Patients with hypothermia were significantly older than those with a body temperature of 36-38°C or greater than 38°C and had a lower body mass index and higher prevalence of septic shock than those with body temperature greater than 38°C. Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment scores on the day of enrollment were also significantly higher in hypothermia patients. Implementation rates of the entire 3-hour bundle and administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics significantly differed across categories; implementation rates were significantly lower in patients with body temperature less than 36°C than in those with body temperature greater than 38°C. Implementation rate of the entire 3-hour resuscitation bundle + vasopressor use + remeasured lactate significantly differed across categories, as did the in-hospital and 28-day mortality. The odds ratio for in-hospital mortality relative to the reference range of body temperature greater than 38°C was 1.760 (95% CI, 1.134-2.732) in the group with hypothermia. The proportions of ICU-free and ventilator-free days also significantly differed between categories and were significantly smaller in patients with hypothermia. CONCLUSIONS: Hypothermia was associated with a significantly higher disease severity, mortality risk, and lower implementation of sepsis bundles.

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