Impact of gender on in-hospital outcomes following contemporary percutaneous intervention for peripheral arterial disease

Akio Kawamura, Thomas C. Piemonte, Richard W. Nesto, Seth D. Bilazarian, Nabila S. Riskalla, Manish S. Chauhan

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Abstract

Background. Percutaneous peripheral arterial intervention (PPAI) has emerged as an effective and less invasive alternative to surgery for peripheral arterial disease (PAD), however, data on gender differences in outcome of PPAI, especially in the stent era, are limited. The purpose of this study was to assess the gender differences on in-hospital outcomes of patients undergoing PPAI. Methods. We analyzed data on 268 consecutive patients (women: 122; men: 146) who underwent PPAI for PAD between October 2001 and January 2004. A total of 405 lesions (women: 184; men: 221) were treated. Results. Background characteristics were similar except for less prevalent prior coronary intervention in women (18.0% versus 28.8%, p = 0.04), and more prevalent current smokers in women (22.1% versus 12.3%; p = 0.03). Upper extremities interventions were performed more often in women (9.2% versus 3.2%; p = 0.01). Procedure success was achieved in 89.3% of women and 89.7% of men (p = NS). In-hospital mortality was similar between women and men (1.6% versus 0.7%; p = NS). However, hemorrhagic complications occurred more frequently in women (7.4% versus 0.7%; p = 0.006). The blood transfusion rate was significantly higher in women (6.6% versus 0.7%; p = 0.013). Female gender was the only independent predictor of hemorrhagic complications (OR = 12.2; 95% CI = 1.39-111.1; p = 0.024). Conclusions. Percutaneous intervention for PAD can be performed in women with similar success rates as in men, albeit with a greater than 10-fold higher risk of hemorrhagic complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)433-436
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Invasive Cardiology
Volume17
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Aug 1

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Kawamura, A., Piemonte, T. C., Nesto, R. W., Bilazarian, S. D., Riskalla, N. S., & Chauhan, M. S. (2005). Impact of gender on in-hospital outcomes following contemporary percutaneous intervention for peripheral arterial disease. Journal of Invasive Cardiology, 17(8), 433-436.