Impact of high-normal blood pressure on the risk of cardiovascular disease in a Japanese urban cohort

The Suita study

Yoshihiro Kokubo, Kei Kamide, Tomonori Okamura, Makoto Watanabe, Aya Higashiyama, Katsuyuki Kawanishi, Akira Okayama, Yuhei Kawano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

103 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Few prospective studies have examined the association between high-normal blood pressure and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Asia. We examined the impact of high-normal blood pressure on the incidence of CVD in a general urban population cohort in Japan. We studied 5494 Japanese individuals (ages 30 to 79 years without CVD at baseline) after completing a baseline survey who received follow-up through December 2005. Blood pressure categories were defined on the basis of the ESH-ESC 2007 criteria. In 64 391 person-years of follow-up, we documented the incidence of 346 CVD events. The frequencies of high-normal blood pressure and hypertension Stage 1 and Stage ≥2 were 18.0%, 20.1%, and 10.1% for men and 15.9%, 15.6%, and 8.8% for women, respectively. Antihypertensive drug users were also classified into the baseline blood pressure categories. Compared with the optimal blood pressure group, the multivariable hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) of CVD for normal and high-normal blood pressure and hypertension Stage 1 and Stage ≥2 were 2.04 (1.19 to 3.48), 2.46 (1.46 to 4.14), 2.62 (1.59 to 4.32), and 3.95 (2.37 to 6.58) in men and 1.12 (0.59 to 2.13), 1.54 (0.85 to 2.78), 1.35 (0.75 to 2.43), and 2.86 (1.60 to 5.12) in women, respectively. The risks of myocardial infarction and stroke for each blood pressure category were similar to those of CVD. Population-attributable fractions of high-normal blood pressure and hypertension for CVD were 12.2% and 35.3% in men and 7.1% and 23.4% in women, respectively. In conclusion, high-normal blood pressure is a risk factor for the incidence of stroke and myocardial infarction in a general urban population of Japanese men.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)652-659
Number of pages8
JournalHypertension
Volume52
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Oct
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cardiovascular Diseases
Hypertension
Blood Pressure
Urban Population
Incidence
Stroke
Myocardial Infarction
Hematologic Diseases
Blood Group Antigens
Drug Users
Antihypertensive Agents
Japan
Prospective Studies
Confidence Intervals
Population

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Epidemiology
  • General population
  • High-normal blood pressure
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Prospective studies
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Impact of high-normal blood pressure on the risk of cardiovascular disease in a Japanese urban cohort : The Suita study. / Kokubo, Yoshihiro; Kamide, Kei; Okamura, Tomonori; Watanabe, Makoto; Higashiyama, Aya; Kawanishi, Katsuyuki; Okayama, Akira; Kawano, Yuhei.

In: Hypertension, Vol. 52, No. 4, 10.2008, p. 652-659.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kokubo, Y, Kamide, K, Okamura, T, Watanabe, M, Higashiyama, A, Kawanishi, K, Okayama, A & Kawano, Y 2008, 'Impact of high-normal blood pressure on the risk of cardiovascular disease in a Japanese urban cohort: The Suita study', Hypertension, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 652-659. https://doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.108.118273
Kokubo, Yoshihiro ; Kamide, Kei ; Okamura, Tomonori ; Watanabe, Makoto ; Higashiyama, Aya ; Kawanishi, Katsuyuki ; Okayama, Akira ; Kawano, Yuhei. / Impact of high-normal blood pressure on the risk of cardiovascular disease in a Japanese urban cohort : The Suita study. In: Hypertension. 2008 ; Vol. 52, No. 4. pp. 652-659.
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N2 - Few prospective studies have examined the association between high-normal blood pressure and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Asia. We examined the impact of high-normal blood pressure on the incidence of CVD in a general urban population cohort in Japan. We studied 5494 Japanese individuals (ages 30 to 79 years without CVD at baseline) after completing a baseline survey who received follow-up through December 2005. Blood pressure categories were defined on the basis of the ESH-ESC 2007 criteria. In 64 391 person-years of follow-up, we documented the incidence of 346 CVD events. The frequencies of high-normal blood pressure and hypertension Stage 1 and Stage ≥2 were 18.0%, 20.1%, and 10.1% for men and 15.9%, 15.6%, and 8.8% for women, respectively. Antihypertensive drug users were also classified into the baseline blood pressure categories. Compared with the optimal blood pressure group, the multivariable hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) of CVD for normal and high-normal blood pressure and hypertension Stage 1 and Stage ≥2 were 2.04 (1.19 to 3.48), 2.46 (1.46 to 4.14), 2.62 (1.59 to 4.32), and 3.95 (2.37 to 6.58) in men and 1.12 (0.59 to 2.13), 1.54 (0.85 to 2.78), 1.35 (0.75 to 2.43), and 2.86 (1.60 to 5.12) in women, respectively. The risks of myocardial infarction and stroke for each blood pressure category were similar to those of CVD. Population-attributable fractions of high-normal blood pressure and hypertension for CVD were 12.2% and 35.3% in men and 7.1% and 23.4% in women, respectively. In conclusion, high-normal blood pressure is a risk factor for the incidence of stroke and myocardial infarction in a general urban population of Japanese men.

AB - Few prospective studies have examined the association between high-normal blood pressure and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Asia. We examined the impact of high-normal blood pressure on the incidence of CVD in a general urban population cohort in Japan. We studied 5494 Japanese individuals (ages 30 to 79 years without CVD at baseline) after completing a baseline survey who received follow-up through December 2005. Blood pressure categories were defined on the basis of the ESH-ESC 2007 criteria. In 64 391 person-years of follow-up, we documented the incidence of 346 CVD events. The frequencies of high-normal blood pressure and hypertension Stage 1 and Stage ≥2 were 18.0%, 20.1%, and 10.1% for men and 15.9%, 15.6%, and 8.8% for women, respectively. Antihypertensive drug users were also classified into the baseline blood pressure categories. Compared with the optimal blood pressure group, the multivariable hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) of CVD for normal and high-normal blood pressure and hypertension Stage 1 and Stage ≥2 were 2.04 (1.19 to 3.48), 2.46 (1.46 to 4.14), 2.62 (1.59 to 4.32), and 3.95 (2.37 to 6.58) in men and 1.12 (0.59 to 2.13), 1.54 (0.85 to 2.78), 1.35 (0.75 to 2.43), and 2.86 (1.60 to 5.12) in women, respectively. The risks of myocardial infarction and stroke for each blood pressure category were similar to those of CVD. Population-attributable fractions of high-normal blood pressure and hypertension for CVD were 12.2% and 35.3% in men and 7.1% and 23.4% in women, respectively. In conclusion, high-normal blood pressure is a risk factor for the incidence of stroke and myocardial infarction in a general urban population of Japanese men.

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