Abdominal obesity is a prerequisite for some definitions of metabolic syndrome (MetS). We investigated the impact of MetS defined by two different criteria, which either did or did not require abdominal obesity as a prerequisite, on cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence in an urban Japanese cohort study. We studied 5,332 Japanese (aged 30-79 years, without CVD at baseline), who completed a baseline survey (September 1989 to March 1994) and were followed up through December 2005. MetS was defined by the NCEP-ATPIII (modified by Asian obesity criteria) and the Japanese criteria. After 61,846 person-years of follow-up, we documented 317 CVD incidences. The MetS frequencies of the Japanese and of the modified NCEP-ATPIII criteria were 17.7% and 25.1% for men and 5.0% and 14.3% for women, respectively. The multivariate hazard ratios (HRs; 95% confidence intervals [CI]) of CVD incidence for MetS by the modified NCEP-ATPIII criteria were 1.75 (1.27-2.41) in men and 1.90 (1.31-2.77) in women, and those for MetS by the Japanese criteria were 1.34 (0.96-1.87) in men and 2.20 (1.31-3.68) in women. The multivariate HRs of CVD incidence for MetS for the Japanese and for the modified NCEP-ATPIII criteria were 2.92 (1.54-5.55) and 1.94 (0.98-3.82) in men under 60 years old, respectively. The CVD incidence risks increased according to the number of MetS components. The risks were similar among participants with the same number of MetS components, regardless of abdominal obesity. In conclusion, the number of MetS components (modified NCEP-ATPIII criteria) may be more strongly associated with CVD incidence than the abdominal obesity essential criteria (the Japanese criteria) in a general urban Japanese population.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine