Impact of smoking as a risk factor for developing rheumatoid arthritis: A meta-analysis of observational studies

Daisuke Sugiyama, K. Nishimura, K. Tamaki, G. Tsuji, T. Nakazawa, A. Morinobu, S. Kumagai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Objectives: To assess whether smoking is a risk factor for developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Design: Meta-analysis. Method: Data sources were observational studies that examined the association between smoking history and the risk of developing RA identified through Medline and EMBASE (from 1966 to December 2006), relevant books and a reference search. Two authors independently extracted the following: authors' names, publication year, sample size, participant characteristics, odds ratios (OR) or relative risks, adjustment factors, study design and area where the study was conducted. Data syntheses were based upon random effects model. Summarised syntheses effects were expressed by OR. Results: Sixteen studies were selected from among 433 articles. For men, summary OR for ever, current and past smokers were 1.89 (95% CI 1.56 to 2.28), 1.87 (1.49 to 2.34) and 1.76 (1.33 to 2.31), respectively. For rheumatoid factor-positive (RF+) RA, summary OR for ever, current and past smokers were 3.02 (2.35 to 3.88), 3.91 (2.78 to 5.50) and 2.46 (1.74 to 3.47), respectively. Summary OR for 20 or more pack-years of smoking was 2.31 (1.55 to 3.41). For women, summary OR for ever, current and past smokers were 1.27 (1.12 to 1.44), 1.31 (1.12 to 1.54) and 1.22 (1.06 to 1.40), respectively. For RF+ RA, summary OR for ever, current and past smokers were 1.34 (0.99 to 1.80), 1.29 (0.94 to 1.77) and 1.21 (0.83 to 1.77). Summary OR for 20 or more pack-years of smoking was 1.75 (1.52 to 2.02). Conclusion: Smoking is a risk factor for RA, especially RF+ RA men and heavy smokers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-81
Number of pages12
JournalAnnals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Volume69
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan
Externally publishedYes

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Observational Studies
Meta-Analysis
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Smoking
Odds Ratio
Rheumatoid Factor
Reference Books
Association reactions
Risk Adjustment
Information Storage and Retrieval
Sample Size
Names
Publications
History

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Allergy

Cite this

Impact of smoking as a risk factor for developing rheumatoid arthritis : A meta-analysis of observational studies. / Sugiyama, Daisuke; Nishimura, K.; Tamaki, K.; Tsuji, G.; Nakazawa, T.; Morinobu, A.; Kumagai, S.

In: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, Vol. 69, No. 1, 01.2010, p. 70-81.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sugiyama, Daisuke ; Nishimura, K. ; Tamaki, K. ; Tsuji, G. ; Nakazawa, T. ; Morinobu, A. ; Kumagai, S. / Impact of smoking as a risk factor for developing rheumatoid arthritis : A meta-analysis of observational studies. In: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. 2010 ; Vol. 69, No. 1. pp. 70-81.
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abstract = "Objectives: To assess whether smoking is a risk factor for developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Design: Meta-analysis. Method: Data sources were observational studies that examined the association between smoking history and the risk of developing RA identified through Medline and EMBASE (from 1966 to December 2006), relevant books and a reference search. Two authors independently extracted the following: authors' names, publication year, sample size, participant characteristics, odds ratios (OR) or relative risks, adjustment factors, study design and area where the study was conducted. Data syntheses were based upon random effects model. Summarised syntheses effects were expressed by OR. Results: Sixteen studies were selected from among 433 articles. For men, summary OR for ever, current and past smokers were 1.89 (95{\%} CI 1.56 to 2.28), 1.87 (1.49 to 2.34) and 1.76 (1.33 to 2.31), respectively. For rheumatoid factor-positive (RF+) RA, summary OR for ever, current and past smokers were 3.02 (2.35 to 3.88), 3.91 (2.78 to 5.50) and 2.46 (1.74 to 3.47), respectively. Summary OR for 20 or more pack-years of smoking was 2.31 (1.55 to 3.41). For women, summary OR for ever, current and past smokers were 1.27 (1.12 to 1.44), 1.31 (1.12 to 1.54) and 1.22 (1.06 to 1.40), respectively. For RF+ RA, summary OR for ever, current and past smokers were 1.34 (0.99 to 1.80), 1.29 (0.94 to 1.77) and 1.21 (0.83 to 1.77). Summary OR for 20 or more pack-years of smoking was 1.75 (1.52 to 2.02). Conclusion: Smoking is a risk factor for RA, especially RF+ RA men and heavy smokers.",
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T1 - Impact of smoking as a risk factor for developing rheumatoid arthritis

T2 - A meta-analysis of observational studies

AU - Sugiyama, Daisuke

AU - Nishimura, K.

AU - Tamaki, K.

AU - Tsuji, G.

AU - Nakazawa, T.

AU - Morinobu, A.

AU - Kumagai, S.

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N2 - Objectives: To assess whether smoking is a risk factor for developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Design: Meta-analysis. Method: Data sources were observational studies that examined the association between smoking history and the risk of developing RA identified through Medline and EMBASE (from 1966 to December 2006), relevant books and a reference search. Two authors independently extracted the following: authors' names, publication year, sample size, participant characteristics, odds ratios (OR) or relative risks, adjustment factors, study design and area where the study was conducted. Data syntheses were based upon random effects model. Summarised syntheses effects were expressed by OR. Results: Sixteen studies were selected from among 433 articles. For men, summary OR for ever, current and past smokers were 1.89 (95% CI 1.56 to 2.28), 1.87 (1.49 to 2.34) and 1.76 (1.33 to 2.31), respectively. For rheumatoid factor-positive (RF+) RA, summary OR for ever, current and past smokers were 3.02 (2.35 to 3.88), 3.91 (2.78 to 5.50) and 2.46 (1.74 to 3.47), respectively. Summary OR for 20 or more pack-years of smoking was 2.31 (1.55 to 3.41). For women, summary OR for ever, current and past smokers were 1.27 (1.12 to 1.44), 1.31 (1.12 to 1.54) and 1.22 (1.06 to 1.40), respectively. For RF+ RA, summary OR for ever, current and past smokers were 1.34 (0.99 to 1.80), 1.29 (0.94 to 1.77) and 1.21 (0.83 to 1.77). Summary OR for 20 or more pack-years of smoking was 1.75 (1.52 to 2.02). Conclusion: Smoking is a risk factor for RA, especially RF+ RA men and heavy smokers.

AB - Objectives: To assess whether smoking is a risk factor for developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Design: Meta-analysis. Method: Data sources were observational studies that examined the association between smoking history and the risk of developing RA identified through Medline and EMBASE (from 1966 to December 2006), relevant books and a reference search. Two authors independently extracted the following: authors' names, publication year, sample size, participant characteristics, odds ratios (OR) or relative risks, adjustment factors, study design and area where the study was conducted. Data syntheses were based upon random effects model. Summarised syntheses effects were expressed by OR. Results: Sixteen studies were selected from among 433 articles. For men, summary OR for ever, current and past smokers were 1.89 (95% CI 1.56 to 2.28), 1.87 (1.49 to 2.34) and 1.76 (1.33 to 2.31), respectively. For rheumatoid factor-positive (RF+) RA, summary OR for ever, current and past smokers were 3.02 (2.35 to 3.88), 3.91 (2.78 to 5.50) and 2.46 (1.74 to 3.47), respectively. Summary OR for 20 or more pack-years of smoking was 2.31 (1.55 to 3.41). For women, summary OR for ever, current and past smokers were 1.27 (1.12 to 1.44), 1.31 (1.12 to 1.54) and 1.22 (1.06 to 1.40), respectively. For RF+ RA, summary OR for ever, current and past smokers were 1.34 (0.99 to 1.80), 1.29 (0.94 to 1.77) and 1.21 (0.83 to 1.77). Summary OR for 20 or more pack-years of smoking was 1.75 (1.52 to 2.02). Conclusion: Smoking is a risk factor for RA, especially RF+ RA men and heavy smokers.

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