Impact of speed-eating habit on subsequent body mass index and blood pressure among schoolchildren: The ibaraki children’s cohort study (IBACHIL)

Kazumasa Yamagishi, Toshimi Sairenchi, Nobuyuki Sawada, Keiko Sunou, Mizuki Sata, Utako Murai, Nobue Takizawa, Fujiko Irie, Hiroshi Watanabe, Hiroyasu Iso, Hitoshi Ota

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Habitual speed eating is a risk factor of obesity but evidence of this in children is limited. We examined the association between speed-eating habit and subsequent body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure (BP) among Japanese children. Methods and Results: The community-based study comprised 1,490 Japanese boys and girls who were born in 1989, involved in the Ibaraki Children’s Cohort Study at age 3 years, and had returned questionnaires at both ages 6 and 12 years. In a subsample, we measured BP (n=263). Speed-eating habit was categorized into 4 groups: Never, Quit, Newly, and Continuous. Sex-specific mean values of questionnaire-based BMI and measured BPs at age 12 were examined according to speed-eating habit. Children with continuous speed eating had a higher BMI at age 12 than those who had never had a speed-eating habit (20.0 vs. 17.9 kg/m2 for boys (P<0.001); 20.0 vs. 18.4 kg/m2 (P<0.001) for girls). Systolic BP at age 12 was higher in boys with continuous speed eating than in those without (117 vs. 110 mmHg, P=0.01), but such a difference was not observed in girls (112 vs. 111 mmHg, P=0.95). Conclusions: Habitual speed eating was positively associated with subsequent BMI among boys and girls as well as with systolic BP among boys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-422
Number of pages4
JournalCirculation Journal
Volume82
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Eating habits
  • Epidemiology
  • Hypertension
  • Obesity
  • Prospective studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Yamagishi, K., Sairenchi, T., Sawada, N., Sunou, K., Sata, M., Murai, U., Takizawa, N., Irie, F., Watanabe, H., Iso, H., & Ota, H. (2018). Impact of speed-eating habit on subsequent body mass index and blood pressure among schoolchildren: The ibaraki children’s cohort study (IBACHIL). Circulation Journal, 82(2), 419-422. https://doi.org/10.1253/circj.CJ-17-0287