Complications after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) remain an important issue. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of systematic postprocedural multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) to detect subclinical complications after TAVI. From October 2013 to August 2015, a total of 135 patients who underwent transfemoral TAVI (n = 116) or transapical TAVI (n = 19) with Sapien XT and MDCT preprocedure and postprocedure were enrolled. Postprocedural MDCT findings were compared with the preprocedural MDCT findings. Cardiovascular complications were observed in 25.9% of patients, including 6 cases (4.5%) with major complications. Of those, clinically apparent major complications were reported in 2 cases including rupture of the sinus of Valsalva and iliac rupture. The complications in the remaining 4 cases (3.0%) included aortic dissection, aortic intramural hematoma, and left ventricular apical pseudoaneurysm, which were totally asymptomatic and only detected by MDCT. The apical pseudoaneurysm required surgical repair. Minor complications were observed in 21.5% of patients, 50% of which were subclinical. Only 1 case with femoral pseudoaneurysm required an additional procedure. Noncardiovascular findings were detected in 27.4% of patients; the most frequent were pleural effusions and atelectasis, which were predominantly observed in those treated through a transapical approach. Contrast-induced acute kidney injury after postprocedural MDCT was reported in 1 patient whose clinical course was complicated by sepsis. In conclusion, postprocedural MDCT was useful in detecting important subclinical complications that may affect the clinical course without deterioration of renal function.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine