Impact of the cerebrospinal fluid-mask algorithm on the diagnostic performance of 123I-Ioflupane SPECT: an investigation of parkinsonian syndromes

Yu Iwabuchi, Tadaki Nakahara, Masashi Kameyama, Yoji Matsusaka, Yasuhiro Minami, Daisuke Ito, Hajime Tabuchi, Yoshitake Yamada, Masahiro Jinzaki

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Abstract

Background: A cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-mask algorithm has been developed to reduce the adverse influence of CSF-low-counts on the diagnostic utility of the specific binding ratio (SBR) index calculated with Southampton method. We assessed the effect of the CSF-mask algorithm on the diagnostic performance of the SBR index for parkinsonian syndromes (PS), including Parkinson’s disease, and the influence of cerebral ventricle dilatation on the CSF-mask algorithm. Methods: We enrolled 163 and 158 patients with and without PS, respectively. Both the conventional SBR (non-CSF-mask) and SBR corrected with the CSF-mask algorithm (CSF-mask) were calculated from 123I-Ioflupane single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images of these patients. We compared the diagnostic performance of the corresponding indices and evaluated whether the effect of the CSF-mask algorithm varied according to the extent of ventricle dilatation, as assessed with the Evans index (EI). A receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) analysis was used for statistical analyses. Results: ROC analyses demonstrated that the CSF-mask algorithm performed better than the non-CSF-mask (no correction, area under the curve [AUC] = 0.917 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.887–0.947] vs. 0.895 [95% CI 0.861–0.929], p < 0.001; attenuation correction, AUC = 0.930 [95% CI 0.902–0.957] vs. 0.903 [95% CI 0.870–0.936], p < 0.001). When not corrected for attenuation, no significant difference in the AUC was observed in the low EI group between the non-CSF-mask and CSF-mask algorithms (0.927 [95% CI 0.877–0.978] vs. 0.942 [95% CI 0.898–0.986], p = 0.11); in the middle and high EI groups, the CSF-mask algorithm performed better than the non-CSF-mask algorithm (middle EI group, AUC = 0.894 [95% CI 0.825–0.963] vs. 0.872 [95% CI 0.798–0.947], p < 0.05; high EI group, AUC = 0.931 [95% CI 0.883–0.978] vs. 0.900 [95% CI 0.840–0.961], p < 0.01). When corrected for attenuation, significant differences in the AUC were observed in all three EI groups (low EI group, AUC = 0.961 [95% CI 0.924–0.998] vs. 0.942 [95% CI 0.895–0.988], p < 0.05; middle EI group, AUC = 0.905 [95% CI 0.843–0.968] vs. 0.872 [95% CI 0.800–0.944], p < 0.005; high EI group, AUC = 0.954 [95% CI 0.917–0.991] vs. 0.917 [95% CI 0.862–0.973], p < 0.005). Conclusion: The CSF-mask algorithm improved the performance of the SBR index in informing the diagnosis of PS, especially in cases with ventricle dilatation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number85
JournalEJNMMI Research
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • I-FP-CIT
  • I-Ioflupane
  • CSF-mask
  • DAT SPECT
  • Southampton method
  • Specific binding ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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