Impaired pancreatic growth, β cell mass, and β cell function in E2F1-7-/- mice

Lluis Fajas, Jean Sébastien Annicotte, Stéphanie Miard, David Sarruf, Mitsuhiro Watanabe, Johan Auwerx

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We evaluated the effects of E2F1 on glucose homeostasis using E2F1 -/- mice. E2F1-/- mice show an overall reduction in pancreatic size as the result of impaired postnatal pancreatic growth. Furthermore, these animals have dysfunctional β cells, linked to impaired PDX-1 activity. Because of the disproportionate small pancreas and dysfunctional islets, E2F1-/- mice secrete insufficient amounts of insulin in response to a glucose load, resulting in glucose intolerance. Despite this glucose intolerance, E2F1-/- mice do not develop overt diabetes mellitus because they have insulin hypersensitivity, which is secondary to a diminished adipose tissue mass and altered adipocytokine levels, which compensates for the defect in insulin secretion. These data demonstrate that factors controlling cell proliferation, such as E2F1, determine pancreatic growth and function, subsequently affecting metabolic homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1288-1295
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume113
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

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Glucose Intolerance
Insulin
Growth
Homeostasis
Glucose
Adipokines
Adipose Tissue
Pancreas
Diabetes Mellitus
Hypersensitivity
Cell Proliferation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Impaired pancreatic growth, β cell mass, and β cell function in E2F1-7-/- mice. / Fajas, Lluis; Annicotte, Jean Sébastien; Miard, Stéphanie; Sarruf, David; Watanabe, Mitsuhiro; Auwerx, Johan.

In: Journal of Clinical Investigation, Vol. 113, No. 9, 01.01.2004, p. 1288-1295.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fajas, Lluis ; Annicotte, Jean Sébastien ; Miard, Stéphanie ; Sarruf, David ; Watanabe, Mitsuhiro ; Auwerx, Johan. / Impaired pancreatic growth, β cell mass, and β cell function in E2F1-7-/- mice. In: Journal of Clinical Investigation. 2004 ; Vol. 113, No. 9. pp. 1288-1295.
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