Implications of Flood Risk Reduction Interventions on Community Resilience: An Assessment of Community Perception in Bangladesh

Md Sazzad Ansari, Jeroen Warner, Vibhas Sukhwani, Rajib Shaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bangladesh, a flat densely populated country in a dynamic delta, is vulnerable to recurring flood disasters. Various types of structural and non-structural flood risk reduction interventions have been implemented over the years to safeguard the people and assets. In that context, the present study assesses the community perception about the implications of such diverse interventions on community resilience, in three reasonably proximate settlements, with varying characteristics: the Type 1 settlement has a flood protection embankment; the Type 2 settlement has no flood risk reduction intervention, and the Type 3 settlement has non-structural interventions. Through a mixed-method assessment in selected settlements, the study results reveal both positive and negative implications of these interventions on local communities. While the embankment has contributed towards enhancing infrastructural resilience in the Type 1 settlement, it still reportedly does not provide complete flood safety. On the other hand, the non-structural measures are reported to have increased community competencies in the Type 3 settlement, but the long-term sustainability of these traits is uncertain. Furthermore, the study results uncover “connectedness among local communities” as an inherent characteristic in all three locations, whereas flood risk reduction interventions are stated to be partly associated with social tension and the marginalization of certain socio-economic groups.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20
JournalClimate
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Feb

Keywords

  • Bangladesh
  • Community perception
  • Community resilience
  • Flood risk reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

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