Implications of social competence among thirty-month-old toddlers: A theory of mind perspective

Emiko Tanaka, Etsuko Tomisaki, Ryoji Shinohara, Yuka Sugisawa, Lian Tong, Taeko Watanabe, Yoko Onda, Yuri Kawashima, Maki Hirano, Yukiko Mochizuki, Kentaro Morita, Amarsanaa Gan-Yadam, Yuko Yato, Noriko Yamakawa, Shoji Itakura, Tamiko Ogura, Aya Kutsuki, Misa Kuroki, Tokie Anme

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the relations between children's social competence and initial index of theory of mind at 30 months of age. Methods: The participants of the study were 322 toddlers and parents/caregivers who were registered with the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) project. They completed a five-minute interaction session, which was coded using the Interaction Rating Scale (IRS) as an evidence-based practical index of children's social competence. In addition, the children were asked to complete a diverse-desire task as a ToM (theory of mind) index. Results: The results showed that the ToM index was related to the total score and subscales of the IRS, such as Empathy and Emotional regulation. Conclusions: These findings show that the IRS score was related to ToM task performance at 30 months of age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S447-S451
JournalJournal of epidemiology
Volume20
Issue numberSUPPL.2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Cohort study
  • Diverse desire
  • Social development
  • Theory of mind

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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