Background: Although the use of aneurysmal common iliac artery (CIA) as the landing zone during endovascular aortic aneurysm repair EVAR remains an essential procedure, this procedure may increase the risk of late complications such as ongoing CIA dilatation and type Ib endoleak (CIA-related complications). We hypothesized that incomplete sealing of the aneurysmal CIA segment during EVAR could increase the incidence of CIA-related complications. In this study, we evaluated the midterm results of EVAR with aneurysmal CIA used as the landing zone and assessed the importance of distal sealing in this procedure. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all cases of endovascular aneurysm repair using CIA as landing zone between 2007 and 2015 that had at least 3 years’ follow-up. We defined aneurysmal CIA as maximum diameter ≥18 mm. The main outcome was the incidence of CIA-related complications. We compared midterm results between normal CIA and aneurysmal CIA. Next, we analyzed risk factors for CIA-related complications in aneurysmal CIA. Results: Four complications occurred in normal CIA (mean follow-up, 66.5 ± 22.1 months); 21 occurred in aneurysmal CIA (mean follow-up, 62.2 ± 20.5 months). The 5-year portion of freedom from CIA-related complications was 97.3% in normal CIA and 69.4% in aneurysmal CIA (P < 0.001). Multivariable analysis in aneurysmal CIA showed that unsealed CIA segment length was only risk factor for CIA-related complications. Given the receiver operating characteristic curve results, we defined the unsealed CIA segment ≥10 mm as incomplete sealing. The hazard ratio for incomplete sealing associated with CIA-related complications was 3.92 (95% confidence interval 1.62–9.46, P = 0.02). Conclusions: Use of aneurysmal CIA as landing zone increases the risk of CIA-related complications. However, maximum sealing of the aneurysmal CIA segment could prevent these complications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine