Improved Ordering of Quasi-Two-Dimensional MoS2via an Amorphous-to-Crystal Transition Initiated from Amorphous Sulfur-Rich MoS2+ x

Milos Krbal, Vit Prokop, Jan Prikryl, Jhonatan Rodriguez Pereira, Igor Pis, Alexander V. Kolobov, Paul J. Fons, Yuta Saito, Shogo Hatayama, Yuji Sutou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The synthesis of stoichiometric two-dimensional (2D) transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDC) over large areas remains challenging. Using a combination of X-ray diffraction and X-ray absorption spectroscopy, we demonstrate the advantages of using a thin amorphous layer of S-rich MoS2(MoS4in this paper) for the growth of well-ordered crystalline MoS2films via annealing at 900 °C. In contrast to the crystallization of stoichiometric amorphous MoS2, the crystallization of the as-deposited amorphous MoS4phase shows the strong preferred ordering of layered MoS2on a Si/SiOxnontemplating substrate with the dominant (002) crystallographic plane and accompanying Kiessig fringes, which indicate the improved crystallinity of the MoS2layers. A similar effect can only be achieved by the templated crystallization of an amorphous MoS2thin film deposited on a c-plane sapphire substrate. We suggest that the crystal growth improvement originates from the lower coordination number (CN) of the Mo atoms in the MoS4amorphous phase (CN = 4) in comparison with that of amorphous MoS2(CN = 6) and the gradual release of free sulfur atoms from the thin film during crystallization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3072-3079
Number of pages8
JournalCrystal Growth and Design
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 May 4

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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