Aim: While the mechanism in the pathogenesis of diabetic corneal disease is unclear, aldose reductase has been implicated in corneal disease. The effects of an oral aldose reductase inhibitor (ARI) on the ocular surface of diabetic patients after cataract surgery were studied. Methods: This clinical trial was designed to be randomised, double blinded, and placebo controlled. Pseudophakic patients with diabetes were randomly assigned to treatment with either oral ARI (ONO-2235) (n=12) or placebo (n=9) for 12 weeks. The vital staining of the ocular surface, tear production and clearance, break up time in tears (BUT), corneal and conjunctival sensation, and symptom score before treatments were examined as well as 4, 8, 12 weeks after the administration. Specular microscopic evaluation was also performed. Results: After a 12 week period of oral ARI administration, fluorescein staining scores (from 2.04 (SD 1.12) to 1.46 (1.18); p=0.016), conjunctival sensation (from 1.15 (0.37) to 1.36 (0.31); p=0.0006), and symptom scores (from 5.38 (1.932) to 4.00 (2.07); p=0.0002) recovered significantly. Fluorescein staining of oral ARI administration also decreased compared with placebo (p=0.017). Rose bengal staining, tear clearance, and corneal sensation were improved although this increase was minor. Tear production, BUT, and specular microscopic evaluation of the corneal epithelium and endothelium did not demonstrate a significant change. Conclusion: Oral ARI opposes the ocular surface changes caused by diabetes, by recovery of ocular surface sensitivity as demonstrated through an improvement in vital staining.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience