Copolymers of methyl methacrylate (MMA) and pentafluorophenyl methacrylate (PFPMA) of various compositions were prepared with a free-radical initiator. When PFPMA was included in the copolymers, the glass-transition temperatures increased and showed a positive deviation from the Gordon-Taylor equation. A copolymer containing 20 wt % PFPMA exhibited almost zero orientational birefringence, and the photoelastic birefringence became zero when the copolymer contained 13 wt % PFPMA. When 20 wt % PFPMA was incorporated into the MMA copolymer, its water absorption decreased to0.4 wt % versus 1.8 wt % for poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) under the same condition. The flammability of the PFPMA/MMA copolymer was reduced in comparison with that of the MMA homopolymer. The refractive indices of the PFPMA/MMA copolymers were very close to that of PMMA, and the transmittances of the copolymers were slightly better than that of PMMA.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Polymers and Plastics