Improvement of wear resistance of stainless steel by laser-induced local surface treatment

Atsushi Ezura, Hikaru Yoshimine, Koki Ohkawa, Kazutoshi Katahira, Jun Komotori

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

To improve the wear resistance of small machine parts such as a microscale gears, we developed a new surface treatment process; a laser-induced local surface treatment. Disk-shaped austenitic stainless steel (SUS316L) objects were soaked in Al(NO3)3 solution and then irradiated by a nano-pulse fiber laser beam. Treated surfaces were observed with a scanning electron microscopy and analyzed with an energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer. The effect of the defocus amount, tribology behavior and wear resistance on the characteristics of the treated surface were examined. The surface roughness of the treated specimens with the defocus range from -1 to -2 mm was lower than that of the treated specimen without defocus. The thickness of the treated layer decreased when the defocus amount was increased within the abovementioned range of values. However, when treatment was performed with a defocus amount of -3 mm, no noticeable change was observed on the treated surface this was because of the difference in laser-energy density. The friction coefficient of the laser-treated specimen with the defocus level of -1 mm was much lower than that of the untreated specimen. This implies that the wear resistance of austenitic stainless steel can be improved with the developed surface treatment method.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 8th International Conference on Leading Edge Manufacturing in 21st Century, LEM 2015
PublisherJapan Society of Mechanical Engineers
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct 18
Event8th International Conference on Leading Edge Manufacturing in 21st Century, LEM 2015 - Kyoto, Japan
Duration: 2015 Oct 182015 Oct 22

Other

Other8th International Conference on Leading Edge Manufacturing in 21st Century, LEM 2015
CountryJapan
CityKyoto
Period15/10/1815/10/22

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Keywords

  • Alloy layer
  • Austenitic stainless steel
  • Laser processing
  • Local surface treatment
  • Wear resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Ezura, A., Yoshimine, H., Ohkawa, K., Katahira, K., & Komotori, J. (2015). Improvement of wear resistance of stainless steel by laser-induced local surface treatment. In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Leading Edge Manufacturing in 21st Century, LEM 2015 Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers.