Improving the CO2 electrochemical reduction to formic acid using iridium-oxide-modified boron-doped diamond electrodes

Prastika K. Jiwanti, Andi M. Ichzan, Respati K.P. Dewandaru, Shafrizal R. Atriardi, Yasuaki Einaga, Tribidasari A. Ivandini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Modification of iridium on the surface of boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrode has been performed to decrease the overpotential reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) and produce value-added carbon compounds. The modification was performed using the cyclic voltammetry (CV) technique that successfully deposited iridium oxide on the surface of the BDD electrode with an Ir-to-C ratio of approximately 1:100. When the modified BDD electrode was utilized for CV of a dissolved-CO2-saturated solution, hydrogen evolution occurred at a potential of approximately −1.2 V (vs. Ag/AgCl), which was lower than that when an unmodified BDD was used. Furthermore, when this electrode was utilized for amperometry of the same solution at −1.7 V for 1 h, formic acid (HCOOH) was produced with a Faradaic efficiency of approximately 50%. Results indicated that the modified electrode has considerable potential for application to CO2 electrochemical reduction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107874
JournalDiamond and Related Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun


  • Boron-doped diamond
  • CO electrochemical reduction
  • Formate
  • Iridium oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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