In vivo changes of hemopoietic progenitors and the expression of the interleukin 5 gene in eosinophilic mice infected with Toxocara canis

Y. Yamaguchi, T. Matsui, T. Kasahara, S. Etoh, A. Tominaga, K. Takatsu, Y. Miura, T. Suda

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Abstract

It has been demonstrated that purified recombinant interleukin 5 (rIL-5) supports the terminal differentiation and proliferation of eosinophilic precursors in vitro and plays an important role in increasing the functional activities of eosinophils. In this study, we examined the hemopoietic changes and analyzed murine (m) IL-5 mRNA expression in eosinophilic mice infected with the helminth Toxocara canis. In eosinophilic mice, eosinophils increased in numbr in both bone marrow and spleen. However, the number of eosinophilic precursors increased markedly in spleen cells of eosinophilic mice but remained relatively constant in the bone marrow. In the presence of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), the number of granulocytic precursors increased in the spleen cells of eosinophilic mice. From these findings, the condition of eosinophilopoiesis in eosinophilic mice is accompanied by an increase in granulocyte-macrophage progenitors as well as eosinophil progenitors. Using Northern blot analysis, a weak but definite banc corresponding to mIL-5 mRNA was detected in spleen cells of mice 4 and 5 days after helminthic infection. In addition, these were confirmed by in vitro polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification mRNA obtained from these spleen cells. Finally, injection of a monoclonal antibody against mIL-5 completely suppressed the blood eosinophilia in mice infected with T. canis. In conclusion, IL-5 is suggested to play a major role in eosinophilopoiesis in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1152-1157
Number of pages6
JournalExperimental Hematology
Volume18
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1990 Dec 1

Keywords

  • Eosinophilopoiesis
  • Interleukin 5
  • Northern blot analysis
  • Toxocara canis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Hematology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research

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    Yamaguchi, Y., Matsui, T., Kasahara, T., Etoh, S., Tominaga, A., Takatsu, K., Miura, Y., & Suda, T. (1990). In vivo changes of hemopoietic progenitors and the expression of the interleukin 5 gene in eosinophilic mice infected with Toxocara canis. Experimental Hematology, 18(11), 1152-1157.