To predict, quantitatively, the extent of drug interaction during repeated administration of a metabolic inhibitor, we analysed the effects of erythromycin treatment under several regimens on the area under the concentration curve (AUC) of midazolam in rats. Midazolam was administered into the portal vein 12 h after erythromycin treatment for 1, 2 or 3 days, or 12, 24, 36, 48, 72 and 96 h after erythromycin treatment for 4 days, and the plasma-concentration profiles of midazolam were analysed to assess the AUC. Moreover, the contents of total cytochrome P450 and inactive metabolic intermediate (MI) complex were simultaneously quantitated. While the AUC value of midazolam was not affected by the administration of erythromycin for 1 day, repeated administration of erythromycin evoked an increase in AUC ratio (AUC in erythromycin-treated rats/AUC in vehicle-treated rats), which reached a maximum value of 1.99 at 12 h after 4 days' treatment with erythromycin. The total content of cytochrome P450 in liver microsomes was unaffected by erythromycin treatment. Although the MI complex was undetectable after 1 day's treatment with erythromycin, its content increased with duration of erythromycin treatment, and the complex disappeared after the end of erythromycin treatment with a half-life of 12.3 h. In conclusion, the interaction between erythromycin and midazolam could be well predicted when the formation of MI complex in the liver was taken into account.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science