Objective. To evaluate the incidence and effect of cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation in patients with inflammatory connective tissue diseases (CTD) undergoing immunosuppressive therapy. Methods. A total of 18 consecutive CMV seropositive patients undergoing immunosuppressive therapy for inflammatory CTD were enrolled. CMV reactivation was determined by detection of CMV-DNA in peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) or plasma using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results. CMV reactivation was detected in PBL in 7 of 17 evaluable patients (41%), and in plasma in 5 of 17 patients (29%). Patients with detectable CMV-DNA in plasma were exclusively positive for CMV-DNA in PBL. Conclusion. Patients with inflammatory CTD under immunosuppressive therapy are at high risk for CMV reactivation. The clinical significance of such an event and indications for antiviral therapy should be examined further.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Journal of Rheumatology|
|Publication status||Published - 2004 Jul 1|
- Inflammatory connective tissue disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy