Objectives: The authors sought to investigate the prevalence, risk factors, and mid-term mortality in Asian patients with prosthesis–patient mismatch (PPM) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Background: Little information is available on PPM after TAVR in Asian patients. Methods: The authors included 1,558 patients enrolled in the OCEAN-TAVI (Optimized transCathEter vAlvular iNtervention) Japanese multicenter registry from October 2013 to July 2016 after excluding patients who died following TAVR before discharge. PPM was defined as moderate if ≧0.65 but ≦0.85 cm 2 /m 2 , or severe if <0.65 cm 2 /m 2 at the indexed effective orifice area by post-procedural echocardiography. Results: Of the 1,546 patients, moderate and severe PPM were observed in 138 (8.9%) and 11 (0.7%) patients, respectively. These 149 patients were included in the PPM group. The median age and body surface area were 85 years (interquartile range [IQR]: 81 to 88 years) and 1.41 m 2 (IQR: 1.30 to 1.53 m 2 ), respectively. In our multivariate analysis, younger age, larger body surface area, smaller aortic valve area, smaller annulus area, no balloon post-dilatation, and use of Edwards Sapien 3 (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, California) were identified as independent predictors of PPM. The estimated cumulative all-cause mortality at 1 year using the Kaplan-Meier method was similar between the PPM and non-PPM groups (10.2% vs. 8.3%; log-rank; p = 0.41). Conclusions: The low prevalence of PPM and mortality at 1 year in patients with PPM after TAVR in this Japanese cohort implies that PPM is not a risk factor for mid-term mortality in Asian patients who have undergone TAVR.
- body surface area
- clinical outcome
- small body size
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine