Incidental spade-shaped FDG uptake in the left ventricular apex suggests apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

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Abstract

Purpose: Apical wall thickening with an “ace-of-spades” configuration is a unique sign of apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (AHCM). We investigated spade-shaped FDG uptake around the left ventricular apex (SSUA) incidentally found in routine oncological FDG PET. Methods: Cases showing SSUA were selected based on retrospective review. The pattern or intensity of SSUA was compared with the results of electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiography, and stress myocardial perfusion SPECT. The diagnosis of ACHM was based on the presence of giant negative T wave in ECG, thickness of spade-shaped hypertrophy in the apex in echocardiography, and increased tracer uptake in the apex in rest SPECT. Results: Among the 34 patients in 36 PET scans showing SSUA, SSUA was weak in 17 and intense in 17. There were isolated SSUA (n = 29) and SSUA with diffuse or other focal left ventricular uptake (n = 5). Three patients with the latter uptake pattern turned out to have coexistence of AHCM and asymmetric septal hypertrophy. Of the 16 SSUA-positive patients who underwent echocardiography, 13 (81%) were diagnosed as AHCM and the remaining 3 were regarded as borderline AHCM (apical wall thickness, 14–15 mm). There were 16 patients with SSUA who also underwent PET scans after the study period among which 11 (69%) had persistent SSUA in the follow-up PET. In the remaining 5, follow-up PET scans showed diffuse left ventricular uptake and SSUA was barely visible. The intensity of SSUA was significantly or marginally associated with giant negative T wave (p < 0.01), apical asynergy (p = 0.08), and impaired coronary flow reserve (p < 0.05). There were no other factors correlated with the pattern or intensity of SSUA. Conclusion: SSUA incidentally found in oncological FDG PET appeared to be associated with AHCM, especially in ischemic conditions. The moderate repeatability of SSUA was probably due to obscurity by physiological uptake.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Nuclear Medicine
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017 Mar 31

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Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Positron-Emission Tomography
Single-Photon Emission-Computed Tomography
Hypertrophy
Echocardiography
Electrocardiography
Stress Echocardiography
Perfusion

Keywords

  • Apical hypertrophy
  • Echocardiography
  • Electrocardiogram
  • FDG PET
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Perfusion SPECT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

@article{c6a85d7369f84d6a969243eb5b5d8a92,
title = "Incidental spade-shaped FDG uptake in the left ventricular apex suggests apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy",
abstract = "Purpose: Apical wall thickening with an “ace-of-spades” configuration is a unique sign of apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (AHCM). We investigated spade-shaped FDG uptake around the left ventricular apex (SSUA) incidentally found in routine oncological FDG PET. Methods: Cases showing SSUA were selected based on retrospective review. The pattern or intensity of SSUA was compared with the results of electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiography, and stress myocardial perfusion SPECT. The diagnosis of ACHM was based on the presence of giant negative T wave in ECG, thickness of spade-shaped hypertrophy in the apex in echocardiography, and increased tracer uptake in the apex in rest SPECT. Results: Among the 34 patients in 36 PET scans showing SSUA, SSUA was weak in 17 and intense in 17. There were isolated SSUA (n = 29) and SSUA with diffuse or other focal left ventricular uptake (n = 5). Three patients with the latter uptake pattern turned out to have coexistence of AHCM and asymmetric septal hypertrophy. Of the 16 SSUA-positive patients who underwent echocardiography, 13 (81{\%}) were diagnosed as AHCM and the remaining 3 were regarded as borderline AHCM (apical wall thickness, 14–15 mm). There were 16 patients with SSUA who also underwent PET scans after the study period among which 11 (69{\%}) had persistent SSUA in the follow-up PET. In the remaining 5, follow-up PET scans showed diffuse left ventricular uptake and SSUA was barely visible. The intensity of SSUA was significantly or marginally associated with giant negative T wave (p < 0.01), apical asynergy (p = 0.08), and impaired coronary flow reserve (p < 0.05). There were no other factors correlated with the pattern or intensity of SSUA. Conclusion: SSUA incidentally found in oncological FDG PET appeared to be associated with AHCM, especially in ischemic conditions. The moderate repeatability of SSUA was probably due to obscurity by physiological uptake.",
keywords = "Apical hypertrophy, Echocardiography, Electrocardiogram, FDG PET, Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, Perfusion SPECT",
author = "Mari Katagiri and Tadaki Nakahara and Mitsushige Murata and Yuji Ogata and Yoji Matsusaka and Yu Iwabuchi and Yoshitake Yamada and Keiichi Fukuda and Masahiro Jinzaki",
year = "2017",
month = "3",
day = "31",
doi = "10.1007/s12149-017-1167-2",
language = "English",
pages = "1--8",
journal = "Annals of Nuclear Medicine",
issn = "0914-7187",
publisher = "Springer Japan",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Incidental spade-shaped FDG uptake in the left ventricular apex suggests apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

AU - Katagiri, Mari

AU - Nakahara, Tadaki

AU - Murata, Mitsushige

AU - Ogata, Yuji

AU - Matsusaka, Yoji

AU - Iwabuchi, Yu

AU - Yamada, Yoshitake

AU - Fukuda, Keiichi

AU - Jinzaki, Masahiro

PY - 2017/3/31

Y1 - 2017/3/31

N2 - Purpose: Apical wall thickening with an “ace-of-spades” configuration is a unique sign of apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (AHCM). We investigated spade-shaped FDG uptake around the left ventricular apex (SSUA) incidentally found in routine oncological FDG PET. Methods: Cases showing SSUA were selected based on retrospective review. The pattern or intensity of SSUA was compared with the results of electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiography, and stress myocardial perfusion SPECT. The diagnosis of ACHM was based on the presence of giant negative T wave in ECG, thickness of spade-shaped hypertrophy in the apex in echocardiography, and increased tracer uptake in the apex in rest SPECT. Results: Among the 34 patients in 36 PET scans showing SSUA, SSUA was weak in 17 and intense in 17. There were isolated SSUA (n = 29) and SSUA with diffuse or other focal left ventricular uptake (n = 5). Three patients with the latter uptake pattern turned out to have coexistence of AHCM and asymmetric septal hypertrophy. Of the 16 SSUA-positive patients who underwent echocardiography, 13 (81%) were diagnosed as AHCM and the remaining 3 were regarded as borderline AHCM (apical wall thickness, 14–15 mm). There were 16 patients with SSUA who also underwent PET scans after the study period among which 11 (69%) had persistent SSUA in the follow-up PET. In the remaining 5, follow-up PET scans showed diffuse left ventricular uptake and SSUA was barely visible. The intensity of SSUA was significantly or marginally associated with giant negative T wave (p < 0.01), apical asynergy (p = 0.08), and impaired coronary flow reserve (p < 0.05). There were no other factors correlated with the pattern or intensity of SSUA. Conclusion: SSUA incidentally found in oncological FDG PET appeared to be associated with AHCM, especially in ischemic conditions. The moderate repeatability of SSUA was probably due to obscurity by physiological uptake.

AB - Purpose: Apical wall thickening with an “ace-of-spades” configuration is a unique sign of apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (AHCM). We investigated spade-shaped FDG uptake around the left ventricular apex (SSUA) incidentally found in routine oncological FDG PET. Methods: Cases showing SSUA were selected based on retrospective review. The pattern or intensity of SSUA was compared with the results of electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiography, and stress myocardial perfusion SPECT. The diagnosis of ACHM was based on the presence of giant negative T wave in ECG, thickness of spade-shaped hypertrophy in the apex in echocardiography, and increased tracer uptake in the apex in rest SPECT. Results: Among the 34 patients in 36 PET scans showing SSUA, SSUA was weak in 17 and intense in 17. There were isolated SSUA (n = 29) and SSUA with diffuse or other focal left ventricular uptake (n = 5). Three patients with the latter uptake pattern turned out to have coexistence of AHCM and asymmetric septal hypertrophy. Of the 16 SSUA-positive patients who underwent echocardiography, 13 (81%) were diagnosed as AHCM and the remaining 3 were regarded as borderline AHCM (apical wall thickness, 14–15 mm). There were 16 patients with SSUA who also underwent PET scans after the study period among which 11 (69%) had persistent SSUA in the follow-up PET. In the remaining 5, follow-up PET scans showed diffuse left ventricular uptake and SSUA was barely visible. The intensity of SSUA was significantly or marginally associated with giant negative T wave (p < 0.01), apical asynergy (p = 0.08), and impaired coronary flow reserve (p < 0.05). There were no other factors correlated with the pattern or intensity of SSUA. Conclusion: SSUA incidentally found in oncological FDG PET appeared to be associated with AHCM, especially in ischemic conditions. The moderate repeatability of SSUA was probably due to obscurity by physiological uptake.

KW - Apical hypertrophy

KW - Echocardiography

KW - Electrocardiogram

KW - FDG PET

KW - Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

KW - Perfusion SPECT

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