Income and Employment of Patients at the Start of and During Follow-up After Palliative Radiation Therapy for Bone Metastasis

Hiroki Shirato, Hideyuki Harada, Yukako Iwasaki, Akifumi Notsu, Kazunari Yamada, Haruka Uezono, Yutaro Koide, Hitoshi Wada, Hikaru Kubota, Naoto Shikama, Takuya Yamazaki, Kei Ito, Joichi Heianna, Yukinori Okada, Ayako Tonari, Shigeo Takahashi, Takashi Kosugi, Yasuo Ejima, Norio Katoh, Kayo YoshidaTakafumi Komiyama, Nobue Uchida, Misako Miwa, Miho Watanabe, Hisayasu Nagakura, Tetsuo Saito, Hiroko Ikeda, Isao Asakawa, Tateishi Seiichiro, Takeo Takahashi, Naoyuki Shigematsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The aim of this study was to understand the income and employment status of patients at the start of and during follow-up after palliative radiation therapy for bone metastasis. Methods and Materials: From December 2020 to March 2021, a prospective multi-institutional observational study was conducted to investigate income and employment of patients at the start of administration of radiation therapy for bone metastasis and at 2 and 6 months after treatment. Of 333 patients referred to radiation therapy for bone metastasis, 101 were not registered, mainly because of their poor general condition, and another 8 were excluded from the follow-up analysis owing to ineligibility. Results: In 224 patients analyzed, 108 had retired for reasons unrelated to cancer, 43 had retired for reasons related to cancer, 31 were taking leave, and 2 had lost their jobs at the time of registration. The number of patients who were in the working group was 40 (30 with no change in income and 10 with decreased income) at registration, 35 at 2 months, and 24 at 6 months. Younger patients (P = 0), patients with better performance status (P = 0), patients who were ambulatory (P = .008), and patients with lower scores on a numerical rating scale of pain (P = 0) were significantly more likely to be in the working group at registration. There were 9 patients who experienced improvements in their working status or income at least once in the follow-up after radiation therapy. Conclusions: The majority of patients with bone metastasis were not working at the start of or after radiation therapy, but the number of patients who were working was not negligible. Radiation oncologists should be aware of the working status of patients and provide appropriate support for each patient. The benefit of radiation therapy to support patients continuing their work and returning to work should be investigated further in prospective studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101205
JournalAdvances in Radiation Oncology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jul 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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