Independence and 2-domination in bipartite graphs

Jun Fujisawa, Adriana Hansberg, Takahiro Kubo, Akira Saito, Masahide Sugita, Lutz Volkmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For a positive integer k, a set of vertices S in a graph G is said to be a k-dominating set if each vertex x in V(G)-S has at least k neighbors in S. The order of a smallest fc-dominating set of G is called the k-domination number of G and is denoted by γk(G). In Blidia, Chellali and Favaron [Australas. J. Combin. 33 (2005), 317-327], they proved that a tree T satisfies α(T) ≤ γ2(T) ≤ 3/2α(T), where α(G) is the independence number of a graph G. They also claimed that they characterized the trees T with γ2(T). In this note, we will show that the second inequality is even valid for bipartite graphs. Further, we give a characterization of the bipartite graphs G satisfying γ2(G) = 3/2α(G) and point out that the characterization in the aforementioned paper of the trees with this property contains an error.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-268
Number of pages4
JournalAustralasian Journal of Combinatorics
Volume40
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics

Cite this

Fujisawa, J., Hansberg, A., Kubo, T., Saito, A., Sugita, M., & Volkmann, L. (2008). Independence and 2-domination in bipartite graphs. Australasian Journal of Combinatorics, 40, 265-268.