Find Research Outputs

2019

A knowledge transfer support system from text-based work reports with domain ontologies

Nambu, R., Suehiro, K. & Yamaguchi, T., 2019 Jan 1, Knowledge-Based Software Engineering: 2018 - Proceedings of the 12th Joint Conference on Knowledge-Based Software Engineering, JCKBSE 2018. Kumeno, F., Oikonomou, K. & Virvou, M. (eds.). Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH, p. 137-146 10 p. (Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies; vol. 108).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Ontology
Industry
Knowledge transfer
Domain ontology
Workers

An Intrinsically Motivated Robot Explores Non-reward Environments with Output Arbitration

Seno, T., Osawa, M. & Imai, M., 2019 Jan 1, Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures 2018 - Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Meeting of the BICA Society. Samsonovich, A. V. (ed.). Springer Verlag, p. 283-289 7 p. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; vol. 848).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Reinforcement learning
Robots
Experiments

Applying the Programmable Modeling Tool to Support the Hospital Infection Control Staff in Customizing the Filtering Face-Piece Respirators for Health Care Worker

Li, J., Tanaka, H. & Miyagawa, S., 2019 Jan 1, Advances in Manufacturing, Production Management and Process Control - Joint proceedings of the AHFE 2018 International Conference on Advanced Production Management and Process Control, the AHFE International Conference on Human Aspects of Advanced Manufacturing, and the AHFE International Conference on Additive Manufacturing, Modeling Systems and 3D Prototyping, 2018. Springer Verlag, p. 270-279 10 p. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; vol. 793).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Respirators
Health care
Fabrication
Printing
Computer aided design

A study on the quality of information in potential incident report

Shimada, T. & Okada, Y., 2019 Jan 1, Advances in Safety Management and Human Factors - Proceedings of the AHFE 2018 International Conference on Safety Management and Human Factors, 2018. Springer Verlag, p. 229-239 11 p. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; vol. 791).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Industry
Experiments

Atmospheric humidity and particle charging state on agglomeration of aerosol particles

He, Y., Gu, Z., Lu, W., Zhang, L., Okuda, T., Fujioka, K., Luo, H. & Yu, C. W., 2019 Jan 15, In : Atmospheric Environment. 197, p. 141-149 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

atmospheric particle
agglomeration
aerosol
liquid
haze

A vision for open healthcare platform 2030

Masuda, Y., Yamamoto, S. & Shirasaka, S., 2019 Jan 1, Intelligent Interactive Multimedia Systems and Services - Proceedings of 2018 Conference. Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH, p. 175-185 11 p. (Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies; vol. 98).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Information services
Industry
Internet of things
Healthcare
Financial industry

Bounding transient moments of stochastic chemical reactions

Sakurai, Y. & Hori, Y., 2019 Apr 1, In : IEEE Control Systems Letters. 3, 2, p. 290-295 6 p., 8462752.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chemical Reaction
Chemical reactions
Moment
Moment Equations
Semidefinite Program
1 Citations

Characterization of prostate cancer with MR spectroscopic imaging and diffusion-weighted imaging at 3 Tesla

Mazaheri, Y., Shukla-Dave, A., Goldman, D. A., Moskowitz, C. S., Takeda, T., Reuter, V. E., Akin, O. & Hricak, H., 2019 Jan 1, In : Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 55, p. 93-102 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Prostatic Neoplasms
Imaging techniques
Polyamines
Choline
Creatine
Life Expectancy
Population Groups
Smoking
Health
Health Insurance

Comparison of rearview options for drivers using a virtual 3-D simulation

Kanzaki, S., Ohtsubo, T., Nakamura, S., Matsuba, Y. & Nakanishi, M., 2019 Jan 1, Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) - Volume X: Auditory and Vocal Ergonomics, Visual Ergonomics, Psychophysiology in Ergonomics, Ergonomics in Advanced Imaging. Alexander, T., Bagnara, S., Tartaglia, R., Albolino, S. & Fujita, Y. (eds.). Springer Verlag, p. 169-179 11 p. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; vol. 827).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Cameras
Eye movements
Birds
Display devices

Cruisers: An automotive sensing platform for smart cities using door-to-door garbage collecting trucks

Chen, Y., Nakazawa, J., Yonezawa, T. & Tokuda, H., 2019 Mar 15, In : Ad Hoc Networks. 85, p. 32-45 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Trucks
Garbage trucks
Cabs (truck)
Sensors
Servers

Design of location-based audio guide system for city tourism

Furuta, S. & Ogawa, K., 2019 Jan 1, Advances in Usability, User Experience and Assistive Technology - Proceedings of the AHFE 2018 International Conferences on Usability and User Experience and Human Factors and Assistive Technology, 2018. Springer Verlag, p. 535-545 11 p. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; vol. 794).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Smartphones
Systems analysis
1 Citations

Effectiveness of the prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on cognitive profiles in depression, schizophrenia, and Alzheimer's disease: A systematic review

Iimori, T., Nakajima, S., Miyazaki, T., Tarumi, R., Ogyu, K., Wada, M., Tsugawa, S., Masuda, F., Daskalakis, Z. J., Blumberger, D. M., Mimura, M. & Noda, Y., 2019 Jan 10, In : Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry. 88, p. 31-40 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Schizophrenia
Alzheimer Disease
Depression
Executive Function

Effects of differences in vision upon drivers’ spatial cognition:: Focus on the subjective and objective viewpoints

Teranishi, K., Ohtsubo, T., Nakamura, S., Matsuba, Y. & Nakanishi, M., 2019 Jan 1, Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) - Volume X: Auditory and Vocal Ergonomics, Visual Ergonomics, Psychophysiology in Ergonomics, Ergonomics in Advanced Imaging. Alexander, T., Bagnara, S., Tartaglia, R., Albolino, S. & Fujita, Y. (eds.). Springer Verlag, p. 159-168 10 p. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; vol. 827).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Automobiles
Railroad cars
Cameras
Fatigue of materials

Endonasal Chiasmapexy Using Autologous Cartilage/Bone for Empty Sella Syndrome After Cabergoline Therapy for Prolactinoma

Ishihara, E., Toda, M., Sasao, R., Ozawa, H., Saito, S., Ogawa, K. & Yoshida, K., 2019 Jan 1, In : World neurosurgery. 121, p. 145-148 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Empty Sella Syndrome
Prolactinoma
Cartilage
Bone and Bones
Optic Chiasm

Endoscopic Endonasal Approach Combined with a Simultaneous Transcranial Approach for Giant Pituitary Tumors

Kuga, D., Toda, M., Ozawa, H., Ogawa, K. & Yoshida, K., 2019 Jan 1, In : World neurosurgery. 121, p. 173-179 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pituitary Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Hypothyroidism
Adenoma
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone

First report of hepatobiliary Mycobacterium avium infection developing obstructive jaundice in a patient with neutralizing anti–interferon-gamma autoantibodies

Namkoong, H., Asakura, T., Ishii, M., Yoda, S., Masaki, K., Sakagami, T., Iwasaki, E., Yamagishi, Y., Kanai, T., Betsuyaku, T. & Hasegawa, N., 2019 Jan 1, In : New Microbes and New Infections. 27, p. 4-6 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mycobacterium avium
Mycobacterium Infections
Obstructive Jaundice
Jaundice
Autoantibodies

Function Map-Driven Development for AGI

Osawa, M., Omori, T., Takahashi, K., Arakawa, N., Sakai, N., Imai, M. & Yamakawa, H., 2019 Jan 1, Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures 2018 - Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Meeting of the BICA Society. Samsonovich, A. V. (ed.). Springer Verlag, p. 239-244 6 p. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; vol. 848).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Directed graphs
Brain
Decomposition
Volvocaceae
Chlamydomonas
Chlorophyceae
Phylogeny
phylogeny

Improvement plan of fall risk assessment in medical institution

Nitta, M. & Okada, Y., 2019 Jan 1, Advances in Safety Management and Human Factors - Proceedings of the AHFE 2018 International Conference on Safety Management and Human Factors, 2018. Springer Verlag, p. 168-176 9 p. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; vol. 791).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Risk assessment
Aging of materials

Information content of a route guidance system based on the characteristics of elderly drivers

Tsuyuki, A. & Daimon, T., 2019 Jan 1, Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) - Volume VI: Transport Ergonomics and Human Factors TEHF, Aerospace Human Factors and Ergonomics. Fujita, Y., Bagnara, S., Tartaglia, R., Albolino, S. & Alexander, T. (eds.). Springer Verlag, p. 256-266 11 p. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; vol. 823).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Information use
Railroad cars
Navigation systems
Reaction rates
Industry

Innervation of the tibial epiphysis through the intercondylar foramen

Matsuo, K., Ji, S., Miya, A., Yoda, M., Hamada, Y., Tanaka, T., Takao-Kawabata, R., Kawaai, K., Kuroda, Y. & Shibata, S., 2019 Mar 1, In : Bone. 120, p. 297-304 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Venus
Epiphyses
Schwann Cells
Sensory Receptor Cells
Knee Joint

In What Conditions Do People Adopt “Resilient” Behavior for Safety? Experimental Study for Safety - II

Kubo, N. & Nakanishi, M., 2019 Jan 1, Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) - Volume II: Safety and Health, Slips, Trips and Falls. Fujita, Y., Bagnara, S., Alexander, T., Tartaglia, R. & Albolino, S. (eds.). Springer Verlag, p. 509-516 8 p. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; vol. 819).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Fires
Simulators
Switches
Experiments

Muscle stiffness estimation using center of pressure fluctuations induced by electrical stimulation

Uchiyama, T. & Sugiyama, A., 2019 Jan 1, In : IFMBE Proceedings. 68, 2, p. 569-572 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Muscle
Stiffness
Transfer functions
Natural frequencies
Singular value decomposition

Novel Way to Design the 3D Printing Path and Its Applications

Koda, S. & Tanaka, H., 2019 Jan 1, Advances in Manufacturing, Production Management and Process Control - Joint proceedings of the AHFE 2018 International Conference on Advanced Production Management and Process Control, the AHFE International Conference on Human Aspects of Advanced Manufacturing, and the AHFE International Conference on Additive Manufacturing, Modeling Systems and 3D Prototyping, 2018. Springer Verlag, p. 290-295 6 p. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; vol. 793).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Printing
Stiffness

Numerical analysis of O2 concentration, gas-zeolite temperatures in two zeolite columns for an oxygen concentrator

Ogawa, K., Inagaki, Y. & Ohno, A., 2019 Feb 1, In : International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer. 129, p. 238-254 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zeolites
concentrators
gas temperature
numerical analysis
Numerical analysis

Pairs and triples of forbidden subgraphs and the existence of a 2-factor

Aldred, R. E. L., Fujisawa, J. & Saito, A., 2019 Jan 1, In : Journal of Graph Theory. 90, 1, p. 61-82 22 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Forbidden Subgraph
Minimum Degree
Graph theory
Connected graph
Star

Perioperative serum and urine metabolome analyses in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma undergoing partial hepatectomy

Kajiura, D., Yamanaka-Okumura, H., Hirayama, A., Tatano, H., Endo, K., Honma, M., Igarashi, K., Shoji, F., Ikeda, S., Yamaguchi, N., Katayama, T., Morine, Y., Imura, S., Utsunomiya, T., Soga, T., Tomita, M. & Shimada, M., 2019 Feb 1, In : Nutrition. 58, p. 110-119 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Metabolome
Hepatectomy
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Urine
Serum

Phase equilibrium condition measurements in carbon dioxide hydrate forming system coexisting with sodium chloride aqueous solutions

Nakane, R., Gima, E., Ohmura, R., Senaha, I. & Yasuda, K., 2019 Jan 1, In : Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics. 130, p. 192-197 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

sodium chlorides
Sodium chloride
Hydrates
Carbon Dioxide
Sodium Chloride

Predictors of recurrence and postoperative outcomes in patients with non-skull base meningiomas based on modern neurosurgical standards

Michiwaki, Y., Hata, N., Amano, T., Suzuki, S. O., Akagi, Y., Kuga, D., Onozuka, D., Momosaki, S., Nakamizo, A., Yoshimoto, K., Iwaki, T. & Iihara, K., 2019 Mar 1, In : Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery: Advanced Techniques and Case Management. 15, p. 30-37 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Meningioma
Recurrence
Survival
Neoplasms
Multivariate Analysis

Proposal and evaluation of “cariño index”-a new coordination index based on weather conditions

Fujiwara, A. & Ogawa, K., 2019 Jan 1, Advances in Ergonomics in Design - Proceedings of the AHFE 2018 International Conference on Ergonomics in Design, 2018. Springer Verlag, p. 337-347 11 p. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; vol. 777).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Wear of materials

Proposal and Verification of a Method for Maintaining Arousal by Inducing Intrinsic Motivation: Aiming at Application to Driving of Automobiles

Mekata, Y., Takeuchi, S., Yamamoto, T., Kamiya, N., Suzuki, T. & Nakanishi, M., 2019 Jan 1, Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) - Volume II: Safety and Health, Slips, Trips and Falls. Fujita, Y., Bagnara, S., Alexander, T., Tartaglia, R. & Albolino, S. (eds.). Springer Verlag, p. 274-284 11 p. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; vol. 819).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Automobiles
Automation
Vibrations (mechanical)
Deterioration
Accidents

Proposal of field-oriented system to medical risk management. Support of risk managers in hospital

Kimura, K. & Okada, Y., 2019 Jan 1, Advances in Safety Management and Human Factors - Proceedings of the AHFE 2018 International Conference on Safety Management and Human Factors, 2018. Springer Verlag, p. 177-181 5 p. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; vol. 791).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Risk management
Managers

Quantifying Sense of Depth Towards Visual Texture Using Optics Simulation

Shimomura, M., Kamesaka, R., Nishihara, M., Matsuoka, K., Yoshimura, T., Kato, T. & Matsuoka, Y., 2019 Jan 1, Human Systems Engineering and Design - Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Human Systems Engineering and Design IHSED2018: Future Trends and Applications. Ahram, T., Taiar, R. & Karwowski, W. (eds.). Springer Verlag, p. 491-497 7 p. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; vol. 876).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Optics
Textures
Physical properties
Experiments
Sensory analysis

Rally driver’s eye movements when driving the corner on gravel road – differences between world rally championship and national championship drivers

Hariyama, T. & Kato, T., 2019 Jan 1, Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) - Volume VI: Transport Ergonomics and Human Factors TEHF, Aerospace Human Factors and Ergonomics. Fujita, Y., Bagnara, S., Tartaglia, R., Albolino, S. & Alexander, T. (eds.). Springer Verlag, p. 174-178 5 p. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; vol. 823).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Gravel roads
Eye movements
Railroad cars
Simulators
Data storage equipment

Resistance to optical distortions in three-dimensional interferometric temporal focusing microscopy

Song, Q., Isobe, K., Midorikawa, K. & Kannari, F., 2019 Jan 1, In : Optics Communications. 430, p. 486-496 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

optical transfer function
Optical transfer function
redundancy
Microscopic examination
microscopy

Simulation of the effect of financial regulation on the stability of financial systems and financial institution behavior

Kikuchi, T., Kunigami, M., Yamada, T., Takahashi, H. & Terano, T., 2019 Jan 1, Agents and Multi-Agent Systems: Technologies and Applications 2018 - Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Agents and Multi-Agent Systems: Technologies and Applications KES-AMSTA-18. Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH, p. 341-353 13 p. (Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies; vol. 96).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Experiments
Financial system
Simulation
Financial institutions
Liquidity

Subspace identification with moment matching

Inoue, M., 2019 Jan 1, In : Automatica. 99, p. 22-32 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Transfer functions
Computer simulation

The coupling effects of laser thermal shock and surface nitridation on mechanical properties of Zr-based metallic glass

Huang, H., Jiang, M. & Yan, J., 2019 Jan 5, In : Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 770, p. 864-874 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nitridation
Thermal shock
Metallic glass
Mechanical properties
Lasers
Dopamine Receptors
Cognition
Antipsychotic Agents
Schizophrenia
Clinical Trials

The proposal of cross-cultural understanding model using place-oriented audio guide system

Ito, A. & Ogawa, K., 2019 Jan 1, Advances in Human Factors, Business Management and Society - Proceedings of the AHFE 2018 International Conference on Human Factors, Business Management and Society, 2018. Springer Verlag, p. 646-658 13 p. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; vol. 783).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Experiments

The reliability, and discriminative ability of the identification of functional ankle instability questionnaire, Japanese version

Mineta, S., Inami, T., Fukano, M., Hoshiba, T., Masuda, Y., Yoshimura, A., Kumai, T. & Hirose, N., 2019 Jan 1, In : Physical Therapy in Sport. 35, p. 1-6 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reproducibility of Results
Ankle
Sensitivity and Specificity
Sports Medicine
Athletes

Toll-Like Receptor 7 Agonist–Induced Dermatitis Causes Severe Dextran Sulfate Sodium Colitis by Altering the Gut Microbiome and Immune Cells

Kiyohara, H., Sujino, T., Teratani, T., Miyamoto, K., Arai, M. M., Nomura, E., Harada, Y., Aoki, R., Koda, Y., Mikami, Y., Mizuno, S., Naganuma, M., Hisamatsu, T. & Kanai, T., 2019 Jan 1, In : CMGH. 7, 1, p. 135-156 22 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Toll-Like Receptor 7
imiquimod
Dextran Sulfate
Dermatitis
Colitis

Vision paper for enabling digital healthcare applications in OHP2030

Toma, T., Masuda, Y. & Yamamoto, S., 2019 Jan 1, Intelligent Interactive Multimedia Systems and Services - Proceedings of 2018 Conference. Howlett, R. J., Jain, L. C., Jain, L. C., De Pietro, G., Gallo, L., Jain, L. C., Vlacic, L. & Howlett, R. J. (eds.). Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH, p. 186-197 12 p. (Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies; vol. 98).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Industry
Information services
Internet of things
Healthcare
Big data

Visual behaviors and expertise in race driving situation

Kato, T., 2019 Jan 1, Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) - Volume VI: Transport Ergonomics and Human Factors TEHF, Aerospace Human Factors and Ergonomics. Fujita, Y., Bagnara, S., Tartaglia, R., Albolino, S. & Alexander, T. (eds.). Springer Verlag, p. 245-248 4 p. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; vol. 823).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Eye movements
Brakes
Particle accelerators
Wheels
Railroad cars
2018

(author)rise: Artificial intelligence output via the human body

Agrawal, H., Yamaoka, J. & Kakehi, Y., 2018 Mar 5, IUI 2018 - Companion of the 23rd International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces. Association for Computing Machinery, Vol. Part F135043. a20

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Artificial intelligence
Learning systems
Deep learning

14-3-3ϵa directs the pulsatile transport of basal factors toward the apical domain for lumen growth in tubulogenesis

Mizotani, Y., Suzuki, M., Hotta, K., Watanabe, H., Shiba, K., Inaba, K., Tashiro, E., Oka, K. & Imoto, M., 2018 Sep 18, In : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 115, 38, p. E8873-E8881

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Notochord
Growth
Larva
Myosin Type II
Pulsatile Flow

26 near-field optical spectroscopy of single quantum constituents

Saiki, T., 2018 Jan 1, In : NanoScience and Technology. p. 351-372 22 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

near fields
Spectroscopy
Near field scanning optical microscopy
Electrons
Wave functions

3-compartment talaporfin sodium pharmacokinetic model by optimization using fluorescence measurement data from canine skin to estimate the concentration in interstitial space

Uno, Y., Ogawa, E., Aiyoshi, E. & Arai, T., 2018 Jan 1, Optical Methods for Tumor Treatment and Detection: Mechanisms and Techniques in Photodynamic Therapy XXVII. SPIE, Vol. 10476. 1047611

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Pharmacokinetics
compartments
Canidae
Skin
interstitials

3D facial geometry analysis and estimation using embedded optical sensors on smart eyewear

Asano, N., Sugiura, Y., Masai, K. & Sugimoto, M., 2018 Aug 12, ACM SIGGRAPH 2018 Posters, SIGGRAPH 2018. Association for Computing Machinery, Inc, a45

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Optical sensors
Cameras
Geometry
Computer graphics
Animation