Influence of aging on postural control in terms of sensory movements

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This chapter examines the influence of aging on posture control function from the viewpoint of sensory movements. Decreased ability to balance in elderly individuals has multiple contributing factors, including intrinsic physiological and musculoskeletal factors and extrinsic environmental factors. Inputs (information) to the visual, vestibular, and somatic systems that are needed to maintain balance decrease with age, as do the movement outputs and the muscle, joint, and bone strengths, which limit the overall functioning of elderly individuals. In fact, many elderly individuals experience body swaying even when they stand still. When perturbations to one of the sensory systems increases, affecting the dynamic balance, the body sway increases and the balance of elderly individuals becomes more unstable. Postural control in elderly individuals differs from that in young individuals. In addition, the visual control involved in postural control differs between young and elderly individuals. Various aging-related functional changes contribute to an individual’s loss of balance, and studying this domain is more complicated in elderly than in younger individuals. Further studies are required to elucidate the related mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPhysical Activity, Exercise, Sedentary Behavior and Health
PublisherSpringer Japan
Pages319-328
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9784431553335
ISBN (Print)9784431553328
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Postural control
  • Sensory movement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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  • Cite this

    Shiota, K. (2015). Influence of aging on postural control in terms of sensory movements. In Physical Activity, Exercise, Sedentary Behavior and Health (pp. 319-328). Springer Japan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-55333-5_26