Influence of Patella thickness on Patellofemoral pressure in total knee Arthroplasty

Hidenori Tanikawa, Mitsunori Tada, Ryo Ogawa, Kengo Harato, Yasuo Niki, Shu Kobayashi, Takeo Nagura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Patellofemoral complications are one of the major issues after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Excessive patellofemoral joint pressure is associated with complications after TKA surgery, and the amount of patellar osteotomy has a direct effect on patellofemoral joint pressure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of patella thickness on patellofemoral pressure in TKA. Methods: Five freshly frozen cadavers were operated with a custom-made Stryker posterior stabilizing type knee joint prosthesis. Patellofemoral joint pressure was measured using a pressure sensor, with the knee joint flexed from 90 to 110 degrees, and with patellar thickness of − 2 mm to + 4 mm. Results: Increasing or decreasing patellar thickness significantly increased or decreased patellofemoral pressure. Regarding knee flexion angle, patellofemoral pressure increased with increasing patellar thickness at all flexion angles, but the pressure increase was greatest at 90 degrees of knee flexion and smallest at 110 degrees. Conclusions: The amount of patellar osteotomy influences the patellofemoral pressure. Surgeons should avoid increasing patella thickness, since the resulting increased patellofemoral pressure may reduce knee joint function.

Original languageEnglish
Article number298
JournalBMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec

Keywords

  • Biomechanics
  • Patellofemoral joint
  • Total knee arthroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Influence of Patella thickness on Patellofemoral pressure in total knee Arthroplasty'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this