Influence of prostate cancer status on the prevalence of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw

Takazumi Yasui, Moemi Kimura, Hiroki Nagamine, Shosuke Yajima, Takeshi Karube, Hitoshi Sato, Seiji Asoda, Satoshi Hara, Katsuhiro Onizawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) in patients with prostate cancer, particularly the relationship between prostate cancer progression and ONJ development. Study Design: This single-center, retrospective, observational study included 113 patients who received zoledronic acid or denosumab for prostate cancer with bone metastasis between January 2012 and March 2020. The risk of ONJ was evaluated regarding age; antiresorptive drugs; duration of antiresorptive treatment; prostate cancer status, including castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and prostate-specific antigen level; chemotherapy; radium-223 treatment; corticosteroid treatment; diabetes mellitus; and dental extractions. Results: Overall, 28 patients had ONJ; 10 patients received zoledronic acid and 18 patients received denosumab. Multiple logistic regression analysis demonstrated that CRPC (odds ratio = 6.01; 95% confidence interval, 1.76-20.05; P = .004) and dental extractions (odds ratio = 12.40; 95% confidence interval, 3.42-44.70; P < .001) were significantly associated with ONJ. In addition, antiresorptive treatment lasting more than 1 year partially mediated between CRPC and development of ONJ. Conclusion: CRPC and dental extraction are risk factors for developing ONJ, and antiresorptive treatment lasting more than 1 year is a partial mediator between CRPC and ONJ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)312-318
Number of pages7
JournalOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Volume131
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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