Influence of sintering behavior of ZnO nanoparticles on J-V characteristics of ZnO-based dye-sensitized solar cells

Shintaro Ueno, Shinobu Fujihara

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) are one of the promising photovoltaic devices because of their lower manufacturing cost and higher energy conversion efficiency. Wide-gap, porous semiconducting metal oxides are generally used as electrode materials of DSSCs. Previously we utilized ZnO as DSSC electrodes and achieved a high conversion efficiency of 6.58% by improving the structure of ZnO films. However, open-circuit voltage (VOC), one of the factors to determine the performance of DSSCs, was still at a lower level (≈ 0.60 V) than that of common TiO2-based cells. We believe that the lower VOC is due mainly to the occurrence of recombination. In this work, we tried to enhance VOC by controlling the heating process of electrodes and suppressing the recombination for further development of ZnO-based DSSCs. As a result, we have achieved a higher VOC of 0.725 V, confirming that the sintering behavior (grain growth and/or necking of grains) influenced largely the characteristics of DSSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationKey Engineering Materials
Pages117-120
Number of pages4
Volume445
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Event9th Electronics Division Meeting of the Ceramic Society of Japan - Tokyo, Japan
Duration: 2009 Oct 232009 Oct 24

Publication series

NameKey Engineering Materials
Volume445
ISSN (Print)10139826

Other

Other9th Electronics Division Meeting of the Ceramic Society of Japan
CountryJapan
CityTokyo
Period09/10/2309/10/24

Fingerprint

Sintering
Nanoparticles
Volatile organic compounds
Electrodes
Conversion efficiency
Industrial heating
Open circuit voltage
Grain growth
Energy conversion
Oxides
Dye-sensitized solar cells
Metals
Costs

Keywords

  • Dye-sensitized solar cells
  • Recombination
  • Sintering
  • Zinc oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Influence of sintering behavior of ZnO nanoparticles on J-V characteristics of ZnO-based dye-sensitized solar cells. / Ueno, Shintaro; Fujihara, Shinobu.

Key Engineering Materials. Vol. 445 2010. p. 117-120 (Key Engineering Materials; Vol. 445).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Ueno, S & Fujihara, S 2010, Influence of sintering behavior of ZnO nanoparticles on J-V characteristics of ZnO-based dye-sensitized solar cells. in Key Engineering Materials. vol. 445, Key Engineering Materials, vol. 445, pp. 117-120, 9th Electronics Division Meeting of the Ceramic Society of Japan, Tokyo, Japan, 09/10/23. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.445.117
Ueno, Shintaro ; Fujihara, Shinobu. / Influence of sintering behavior of ZnO nanoparticles on J-V characteristics of ZnO-based dye-sensitized solar cells. Key Engineering Materials. Vol. 445 2010. pp. 117-120 (Key Engineering Materials).
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