Information Design for Purposeless Information Searching Based on Optimum Stimulation Level Theory

Miwa Nakanishi, Motoya Takahashi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

There are increasing opportunities to engage in purposeless information searching, such as browsing purposeful information. A growing focus is also promoting interest in products and services by utilizing these opportunities. Thus, rather than the efficiency of information searching, the new concept of the “continuousness” of information searching is expected for information design. It has been suggested that searching for information without a defined purpose or use is done based on intrinsic motivation (IM). The theory of optimum stimulation level (SL) gives a U-shaped relationship between IM and SL. On the basis of this theory, we hypothesized that the continuousness of information is enhanced in an environment in which the user can enjoy searching for information at the optimum level of stimulation. In this study, we attempt to specify the requirements for a method of information design based on the aforementioned hypothesis. We assess the effectiveness of the method with an experiment in which participants engage in information browsing. The SLs of the referred pieces of information are quantified on a scale from zero to one. After analyzing the relationship between the SL and the physiological and psychological responses of the participants, we clarify (i) the optimum SL, (ii) the SL that most effectively enhances the IM of the participants to search for information, and (iii) the SL between one piece of information and the next at which the IM of the participants is increased.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHuman Interface and the Management of Information. Information in Applications and Services - 20th International Conference, HIMI 2018, Held as Part of HCI International 2018, Proceedings
EditorsHirohiko Mori, Sakae Yamamoto
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages132-143
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9783319920450
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1
Event20th International Conference on Human Interface and the Management of Information, HIMI 2018 Held as Part of HCI International 2018 - Las Vegas, United States
Duration: 2018 Jul 152018 Jul 20

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume10905 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Other

Other20th International Conference on Human Interface and the Management of Information, HIMI 2018 Held as Part of HCI International 2018
CountryUnited States
CityLas Vegas
Period18/7/1518/7/20

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Keywords

  • Intrinsic motivation
  • Physio-psychological analysis
  • Purposeless information searching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

Cite this

Nakanishi, M., & Takahashi, M. (2018). Information Design for Purposeless Information Searching Based on Optimum Stimulation Level Theory. In H. Mori, & S. Yamamoto (Eds.), Human Interface and the Management of Information. Information in Applications and Services - 20th International Conference, HIMI 2018, Held as Part of HCI International 2018, Proceedings (pp. 132-143). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 10905 LNCS). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-92046-7_12