Information sharing on twitter during the 2011 catastrophic earthquake

Fujio Toriumi, Takeshi Sakaki, Kosuke Shinoda, Kazuhiro Kazama, Satoshi Kurihara, Itsuki Noda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Such large disasters as earthquakes and hurricanes are very unpredictable. During a disaster, we must collect information to save lives. However, in time disaster, it is difficult to collect information which is useful for ourselves from such traditional mass media as TV and newspapers that contain information for the general public. Social media attract attention for sharing information, especially Twitter, which is a hugely popular social medium that is now being used during disasters. In this paper, we focus on the information sharing behaviors on Twitter during disasters. We collected data before and during the Great East Japan Earthquake and arrived at the following conclusions: - Many users with little experience with such specific functions as reply and retweet did not continuously use them after the disaster. - Retweets were well used to share information on Twitter. - Retweets were used not only for sharing the information provided by general users but used for relaying the information from the mass media. We conclude that social media users changed their behavior to widely diffuse important information and decreased nonemergency tweets to avoid interrupting critical information.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWWW 2013 Companion - Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on World Wide Web
Pages1025-1028
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes
Event22nd International Conference on World Wide Web, WWW 2013 - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Duration: 2013 May 132013 May 17

Publication series

NameWWW 2013 Companion - Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on World Wide Web

Other

Other22nd International Conference on World Wide Web, WWW 2013
CountryBrazil
CityRio de Janeiro
Period13/5/1313/5/17

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Keywords

  • Disaster situation
  • Earthquake
  • Information diffusion
  • Information sharings
  • Social networks
  • Twitter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications

Cite this

Toriumi, F., Sakaki, T., Shinoda, K., Kazama, K., Kurihara, S., & Noda, I. (2013). Information sharing on twitter during the 2011 catastrophic earthquake. In WWW 2013 Companion - Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on World Wide Web (pp. 1025-1028). (WWW 2013 Companion - Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on World Wide Web).