The in-situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy of molten eutectic LiCl-KCl-CsCl was conducted in order to identify the dissolved ions in the molten salt electrolytes. The transflectance spectrum of the melts could be easily obtained at temperatures higher than 350°C using the commercially available diffuse reflectance optical system and an air-tight chamber with a built-in heater. The sharp absorption peak attributable to the stretching vibration of OH- was observed in the melt containing LiOH, indicating the availability of identification of dissolved species in the melts. The intensities of transflection possibly assignable to N-H bonds in imide (NH2-) and amide (NH2 -) anions in the melt containing Li3N changed during supplying H2 gas because of the progress of the protonation reactions of these anions to form NH3. The in-situ analysis of the dissolved ions in the melts under the reaction conditions by infrared spectroscopy with the diffuse reflectance optical system can be a simple and powerful tool for understanding the reaction mechanism.
- Amide and imide anions
- Diffuse reflectance
- Electrochemical ammonia synthesis
- Infrared spectroscopy
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