The root heartwood of Dalbergia odorifera T. chen (Leguminosae) is a Chinese medicinal drug (Japanese name koshinko) used for a stagnant blood syndrome (stagnation of disordered blood; Japanese, oketsu). In addition to 10 known compounds, five new phenolic compounds, isomucronustyrene and hydroxyobtustyrene (cinnamylphenols), (4-)-isoduartin (isoflavan), odoriflavene (isoflav-3-ene) and (—)-odoricarpan (pterocarpan) were isolated and their structures were elucidated on the basis of chemical and spectroscopic methods. of the fifteen compounds isolated, cinnamylphenols, isoflavans, isoflavene and benzoic acid derivative significantly inhibited prostaglandin biosynthesis as well as platelet aggregation induced by arachidonic acid.
- Dalbergia odorifera
- platelet aggregation inhibitor
- prostaglandin biosynthesis inhibitor
- stagnant blood
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Drug Discovery