Initial predictors of poor survival in myositisassociated interstitial lung disease: A multicentre cohort of 497 patients

A Multicentre Retrospective Cohort of Japanese Patients with Myositis-associated ILD Investigators

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Abstract

Objective. To identify initial predictors of poor survival in patients with PM/DM-associated interstitial lung disease (ILD). Methods. We established a multicentre retrospective cohort of incident cases of PM/DM-associated ILD from 44 institutions across Japan (Multicentre Retrospective Cohort of Japanese Patients with Myositisassociated ILD, JAMI). Inclusion criteria were an onset age ≥16 years; PM/DM or clinically amyopathic DM according to the published criteria; imaging evidence of ILD; and availability of serum samples for assays of autoantibodies such as anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 and anti-aminoacyl tRNA synthetase. We collected demographic data and clinical characteristics recorded at the time of diagnosis, as well as follow-up survival data. Predictors of ILD-related mortality were identified by univariate and multivariate analyses. Results. JAMI enrolled a cohort of 497 patients with PM (15%), classic DM (32%) and clinically amyopathic DM (53%). During the observation period (median 20 months), 76 died of respiratory insufficiency directly related to ILD. Univariate analysis revealed several initial parameters associated with ILD mortality, including demographic, clinical, laboratory, imaging and autoantibody variables. We used multivariate analysis with a stepwise selection of parameters to generate an appropriate predictive model, and identified the following independent risk factors for ILD mortality: age at onset ≥60 years [hazard ratio (HR) = 4.3, 95% CI: 2.4, 7.5], CRP ≥1 mg/dl (HR = 2.6, 95% CI: 1.5, 4.8), peripheral capillary oxygen saturation <95% (HR = 2.0, 95% CI: 1.2, 3.4) and anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 antibody (HR = 7.5, 95% CI: 2.8, 20.2). Conclusion. We established a large cohort of incident cases of PM/DM-associated ILD, and successfully identified independent predictors of short-term ILD mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1212-1221
Number of pages10
JournalRheumatology (United Kingdom)
Volume57
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul 1

Keywords

  • Autoantigens and autoantibodies
  • Biomarkers
  • Myositis and muscle disease
  • Outcome measures
  • Respiratory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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    A Multicentre Retrospective Cohort of Japanese Patients with Myositis-associated ILD Investigators (2018). Initial predictors of poor survival in myositisassociated interstitial lung disease: A multicentre cohort of 497 patients. Rheumatology (United Kingdom), 57(7), 1212-1221. https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/key060