Inorganic chemical characterization of aerosols in four Asian mega-cities

Tomoaki Okuda, Hideshige Takada, Hidetoshi Kumata, Fumiyuki Nakajima, Shiro Hatakeyama, Masao Uchida, Shigeru Tanaka, Kebin He, Yongliang Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study is a systematic field observation campaign that examines the chemical characteristics of aerosols in four different mega-cities in Asia, namely Beijing (China), Hanoi (Vietnam), Kolkata (India), and Tokyo (Japan). The unity of the analytical method and the synchronicity of the sampling periods are quite important, especially when developing a comparative risk assessment in different places. Sampling was thus carried out in each city continuously for a one-year period between 2008 and 2010, as this enabled consideration of the seasonal variations that are associated with the Asian monsoon system that governs the climate of this region. The study found that the sum of the concentrations of measured elements decreased in the order of BJ > KK > HA > TY, while the sum of the concentrations of measured ions decreased in the order of BJ > HA > KK > TY. The concentration level of chemical species in aerosols in Beijing was one order of magnitude higher than that in Tokyo. The risks associated with carcinogenic metals in the four cities have also been calculated. We conclude that the calculated carcinogenic risks to humans by chromium were higher than the risks caused by nickel in all four cities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)436-449
Number of pages14
JournalAerosol and Air Quality Research
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Inorganic Chemicals
Inorganic chemicals
megacity
Aerosols
aerosol
Sampling
sampling
Chromium
Nickel
Risk assessment
chromium
analytical method
nickel
monsoon
risk assessment
seasonal variation
Metals
Ions
ion
metal

Keywords

  • Beijing
  • EDXRF
  • Hanoi
  • Hazardous metals
  • Kolkata
  • Tokyo

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution

Cite this

Okuda, T., Takada, H., Kumata, H., Nakajima, F., Hatakeyama, S., Uchida, M., ... Ma, Y. (2013). Inorganic chemical characterization of aerosols in four Asian mega-cities. Aerosol and Air Quality Research, 13(2), 436-449. https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2012.09.0250

Inorganic chemical characterization of aerosols in four Asian mega-cities. / Okuda, Tomoaki; Takada, Hideshige; Kumata, Hidetoshi; Nakajima, Fumiyuki; Hatakeyama, Shiro; Uchida, Masao; Tanaka, Shigeru; He, Kebin; Ma, Yongliang.

In: Aerosol and Air Quality Research, Vol. 13, No. 2, 2013, p. 436-449.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Okuda, T, Takada, H, Kumata, H, Nakajima, F, Hatakeyama, S, Uchida, M, Tanaka, S, He, K & Ma, Y 2013, 'Inorganic chemical characterization of aerosols in four Asian mega-cities', Aerosol and Air Quality Research, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 436-449. https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2012.09.0250
Okuda, Tomoaki ; Takada, Hideshige ; Kumata, Hidetoshi ; Nakajima, Fumiyuki ; Hatakeyama, Shiro ; Uchida, Masao ; Tanaka, Shigeru ; He, Kebin ; Ma, Yongliang. / Inorganic chemical characterization of aerosols in four Asian mega-cities. In: Aerosol and Air Quality Research. 2013 ; Vol. 13, No. 2. pp. 436-449.
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