Background: Previous studies of ocular mucous membrane pemphigoid (OMMP) have identified several components of the basement membrane zone to be autoantigens, including integrin β4. However, there are no extensive or definitive reported studies that address this, particularly in pure OMMP. Objectives: To clarify the major autoantigens in pure OMMP. Materials and methods: In this study, we examined sera from 43 pure OMMP patients for both IgG and IgA antibodies using newly developed immunoblotting analyses with a hemidesmosome-rich fraction and various recombinant proteins of integrin α6β4, in addition to our routine immune-serological tests. Results: Using a hemidesmosome-rich fraction, sera from patients with pure OMMP demonstrated reactivity of IgG and/or IgA antibodies to integrin β4, BP180 and laminin- 332. The reactivity of pure OMMP sera to integrin β4 was further confirmed by immunoblotting using integrin β4 recombinant proteins. Using concentrated supernatant of HaCaT cells, only one serum sample showed positive IgG and IgA reactivity to LAD-1, the ectodomain of BP180. None of the pure OMMP sera reacted with any autoantigens on immunoblotting using normal human epidermal or dermal extracts, or purified human laminin-332. Conclusions: Integrin β4was considered to be the major and specific autoantigen for pureOMMP. The new methods established in this study are useful for detection of various autoantigens, particularly integrin β4.
- Hemidesmosome-rich fraction
- Integrin α6β4
- Pure ocular mucous membrane pemphigoid
ASJC Scopus subject areas