Intensive statin therapy stabilizes C-reactive protein, but not chemokine in stable coronary artery disease treated with an everolimus-eluting stent

Hiroaki Sukegawa, Yuichiro Maekawa, Shinsuke Yuasa, Atsushi Anzai, Masaki Kodaira, Makoto Takei, Fumiya Sano, Ikuko Ueda, Takashi Kawakami, Kentaro Hayashida, Takashi Kohno, Shun Kohsaka, Takayuki Abe, Keiichi Fukuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Besides its potent plasma cholesterollowering activity, statin treatment has several other important effects, including lowering high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), levels, and stabilizing risk factors of atherosclerosis, thereby reducing the risk of cardiovascular events. Our aim in this study was to identify how intensive statin therapy can affect plasma levels of inflammatory markers over the long term. Methods and results: We used a prospective, randomized, open blinded-endpoint design. A total of 30 patients with stable coronary artery disease treated with everolimuseluting stent implantation were randomized to receive rosuvastatin 2.5 (standard therapy group) or 10 mg (intensive therapy group) for 12 months. Plasma levels of hs-CRP, pentraxin-3, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, and CXC chemokine ligand 4 were measured after a percutaneous coronary intervention, at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Levels of LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) and HDL cholesterol were also measured. We investigated short-term and long-term clinical outcomes. After 12 months of therapy, the intensive therapy group had lower levels of LDLC than the standard therapy group. Plasma levels of hs-CRP largely fluctuated in the standard therapy group, whereas they were stable in the intensive therapy group during the follow-up period. There were no significant differences in serum pentraxin-3, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, and CXC chemokine ligand 4 levels, or in the incidence of any clinical adverse events, between the standard and the intensive therapy groups. Conclusion: Intensive rosuvastatin therapy stabilizes hs- CRP levels, but not chemokine levels, besides lowering LDLC levels. Thus, this therapy may inhibit the progression of atherosclerosis by stably inhibiting the inflammatory cascade.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405-411
Number of pages7
JournalCoronary Artery Disease
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 21

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Everolimus-eluting stent
  • Inflammatory marker
  • Statin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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