Interactions between gallium and nitrogen dopants in ZnO films grown by radical-source molecular-beam epitaxy

K. Nakahara, H. Takasu, P. Fons, A. Yamada, K. Iwata, K. Matsubara, R. Hunger, S. Niki

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129 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It has been recently predicted that the co-doping of an acceptor (nitrogen) and a donor (aluminum, gallium, indium) in a 2:1 ratio will dope ZnO p-type due to a reduction in the Madelung energy making the nitrogen acceptor energy level more shallow. We have been growing gallium and nitrogen co-doped ZnO films by radical-source molecular-beam epitaxy by use of oxygen and nitrogen radicals supplied via rf radical source cells. Diode-like current-voltage characteristics and donor acceptor pair-like photoluminescence emission were observed for a Ga and N doped ZnO film grown on an undoped ZnO buffer layer. However, Hall measurements revealed that the conductivity was n-type. Formation of a non-ZnO phase in the sample was confirmed by secondary ion mass spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction measurements. Zn and Zn+O secondary ion intensities fell sharply by two orders of magnitude in going from the undoped ZnO layer to the highly co-doped ZnO. X-ray diffraction measurements indicated the formation of ZnGa2O4.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4139-4141
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume79
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Dec 17
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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    Nakahara, K., Takasu, H., Fons, P., Yamada, A., Iwata, K., Matsubara, K., Hunger, R., & Niki, S. (2001). Interactions between gallium and nitrogen dopants in ZnO films grown by radical-source molecular-beam epitaxy. Applied Physics Letters, 79(25), 4139-4141. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1424066